Cognitive Psychology

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Cognitive Development
The process of developing mental ability involving memory, language, problem solving, perception and thought.
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Cornea
Transparent cover on the front of the eye that allows light in while also protecting it.
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Eye
Sensory organ that is sensitive to light.
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Eye Witness Testimony
The account of an event that a person who was a witness to the event makes, relying only on their memory.
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Gestalt Principle: whole configuration
The emphasis on the whole is always greater than the sum of its parts. This means that the visual image is more than just a sum of component parts.
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Iris
A circular muscle that contracts and relaxes depending on light intensity.
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Lens
The lens, by changing shape, functions to change the focal distance of the eye so that it can focus on objects at various distances.
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Long Term Memory
A long-term store for items and events that are remembered.
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Memory
The mental process by which we are able to input, store and retrieve information about events in the world that have happened to us.
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Optic nerve
Carries information from the eye to the brain.
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Perception
The process of changing information received from the environment into an experience of objects, sounds etc.
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Piaget's stages of Cognitive Development
The sensori-motor stage:, The pre-operational stage:, Concrete operational stage:, Formal operational stage:
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Pupil
A hole in the middle of the iris.
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Retina
Contains the cells that are sensitive to light.
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Scaffolding
Interaction with the world can increase a child's cognitive capacity.
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Schemas (Constructive Memory)
An organised store of knowledge about previous experiences which helps us make decisions about future events. They also help us to fill in any gaps in our knowledge based on past information.
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Stereotypes
A way of defining a person (or people) using readily available features (for example: skin colour or gender) in ways that focus on these rather than the individual.
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Short Term Memory
A short term store for items that are remembered.
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Visual illusion/Visual perception
The process of interpreting, organising and elaborating information received through the visual system (sensory information).
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Zone of Proximal Development - Vygotsky
The child can move from their zone of actual development into the zone of proximal development through interaction with peers and adults.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Transparent cover on the front of the eye that allows light in while also protecting it.

Back

Cornea

Card 3

Front

Sensory organ that is sensitive to light.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The account of an event that a person who was a witness to the event makes, relying only on their memory.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The emphasis on the whole is always greater than the sum of its parts. This means that the visual image is more than just a sum of component parts.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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