Cognitive Area - Psychological

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  • Created by: KesiaKate
  • Created on: 14-05-17 16:54
Define Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive psychology is the scientific study of human behaviour focusing on examining internal mental processes and regards humans as working in a similar way to computer systems i.e we process information by inputting, storing and retrieving data.
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Which topics are investigated?
Attention, memory, perception, language reasoning, decision making and learning.
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What is the computer metaphor?
The information processing model is used by the cognitive to explain how we receive and interpret information. The human mind is seen as being similar to a computer, we input information, the information is processed, can be stored, and retrieved
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What are the assumptions of cognitive psychology?
Behaviour is controlled by our own thought processes, as opposed to genetic factors. Human behaviour should be investigated using scientific, rigorous methodology. The mind works in a way similar to a computer; inputting, storing and retrieving data.
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What is the cognitive task of Attention?
Focus on the task and maintain attention
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What is the cognitive task of Language?
Communication & team work
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What is the cognitive task of Problem Solving?
Collate information to solve the problem
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What is the cognitive task of Memory?
Use stored memory of how cogs work
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What is the cognitive task of Perception?
Visualising. Your own personal outlook
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What is the cognitive task of Thinking?
Making sense of the problem
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What do cognitive psychology do?
Cognitive psychologists try to understand cognitive processes and suggest theories to help explain how we process information. Cognitive psychologists are particularly study the impaired parts of the brain and link this to any changes mentally
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What is CBT and what is it used for?
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy - mental health counselling. The client/patient works with a mental health counsellor/psychotherapist in a structured way, attending a limited number of sessions.
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What does CBT do?
By helped you become aware of inaccurate or negative thinking, CBT allows you to view challenging situations more clearly and respond to them in a more effective way. Changes faulty thinking processes to more rational ways of thinking.
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Is it Nature or Nurture?
This cognitive approach takes an interactionist approach as it accepts that both nature and nurture factors are interconnected and human behaviour is a product of both.
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Does it support individual or situational?
he cognitive approach supports both the individual and situational side of the debate.
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Reductionism or Holism?
Cognitive psychology oversimplifies human behaviour and compares us to a computer.
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How useful is the research?
Loftus et al’s study is useful because the findings of the experiment are relevant to difference contexts, such as in improving police interview techniques.
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Does it support psychology as a science?
standardised procedure and collected quantitative data so supports psychology as a science.
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What are the strengths of cognitive psychology? (scientific)
tends to use scientific, rigorous methodology to study human behaviour
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What are the strengths of cognitive psychology? (internal processes)
takes into account the internal, invisible though processes that affect our behaviour, unlike the behavioural approach
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What are the strengths of cognitive psychology? (insight into the human mind)
provides insight into the human mind and how it operates. This has huge implications for society
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What are the strengths of cognitive psychology? (practical applications)
is very useful and has provided many practical applications.
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What are the strengths of cognitive psychology? (easily combined)
easily combined with other approaches. Cognitive behavioural therapy is a popular and successful form of treatment for issues such as OCD
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What are the weaknesses of cognitive psychology? (lacks validity)
lacks validity as cognitive functioning can not be directly observed. Therefore some cognitive processes can only be studied through self report & observational methods - these methods are open to social desirability and demand characteristics
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What are the weaknesses of cognitive psychology? (reductionistic)
takes a reductionistic approach and tends to over simplify complex human behaviour. It ignores other social and emotional factors that may affect behaviour therefore giving a restricted and limited perspective of behaviour
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What are the weaknesses of cognitive psychology? (lab conditions)
tends to use highly controlled laboratory experiments conducted within artificial settings to observe human behaviour which may lack ecological validity
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What are the weaknesses of cognitive psychology?(genetic factors)
does not take into account genetic factors e.g hereditary correlation of mental disorders
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Which topics are investigated?

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Attention, memory, perception, language reasoning, decision making and learning.

Card 3

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What is the computer metaphor?

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Card 4

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What are the assumptions of cognitive psychology?

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Card 5

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What is the cognitive task of Attention?

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