Approaches - the Cognitive Approach

the cognitive approach

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  • Created on: 18-06-12 11:43
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The Cognitive Approach
Behaviourist
Social Learning Theory
Cognitive Approach
IP ­ cognitive psychologists extend this idea and say that our behaviour is determined by the way we
process information taken in from our environment.
Cognitive psychology is divided into 3 areas:
Experimental cognitive psychology
Cognitive neuroscience
Cognitive science
1. Uses experimental methods to investigate mental processes (e.g. memory) in `normal'
participants. Clive Wearing and H.M.
2. Investigates mental processes in brain damaged individuals
3. Investigates the way in which computers can be used in an attempt to understand mental
processes
Assumptions:
1. Mediational processes act between `stimulus' and `response'
2. Mental processes can be regarded an information processing
3. The mind acts in a similar way to the computer: INPUT---STORAGE---OUTPUT
4. Mental processes can be studied scientifically

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