Child Language Key Terms

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  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 31-03-14 20:14
Pre-verbal
Before words
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Vegetative
Reflexive crying noises
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Cooing
Open-mouthed vowel sounds
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Babbling
Repeated consonant-vowel sounds and combinations of these
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Proto-word
Babbling sounds that seem to match actual word sounds
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Utterance
A stretch or continuous unit of speech
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Substitution
Substituting one sound for an easier one
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Mean length of utterance (MLU)
Average number of words in each utterance
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Stop
Where air flow is stopped to create a sound
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CDS
Child directed speech
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Monosyllabic
A word or utterance consisting of one syllable
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Holophrastic
One word stage- utterance of one word
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Reduplicated monosyllable
Repeated use of monosyllable sound e.g. lalala
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Articulation
How sounds are formed
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Phonology
The characteristic pronunciations of a child
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Grammar
How words are combined/constructed
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Vocabulary/lexis
Words and their meaning
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Pragmatics
Rules for holding a conversation
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Inflections
Changes to words such as 'S' for plurals and 'ed' for past tense
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Content words
Lexical words
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Function words
Grammatical words
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Reformulating
Care giver repeats what the child says in a more standard form
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Deletion
Child omits a sound from a word (aka clipped pronunciaton)
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Consonant cluster simplification
Consonant clusters made simpler e.g. frog ---> fog
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Virtuous error
When children incorrectly apply an accurate rule e.g. to put --> putted
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Over-generalisation
Over-application of a grammatical rule
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Morphemes
The smallest unit of grammatical meaning in words
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Addition
Form of early mistake: adding an extra vowel to make a CVCV structure
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Behaviourists
Theorists who believe language is acquired through imitation and reinforcement
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Bound morpheme
A morpheme that can only have meaning when attached to a free morpheme e.g. 'ing'
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Cognitive theorists
Believe language acquisition is part of the wider development of understanding
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Fricative
Sound created by slow, controlled release of air through mouth, causing friction
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Grapheme
Smallest functional unit in a writing system
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Hypernym
Category into which other words fit e.g. animal
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Hyponym
A word within the hypernym category
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Innate
Inborn, natural
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Nativist theorists
Theorists who believe humans have an inbuilt capacity to acquire language
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Segment
To break down streams of speech into understandable units of meaning
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Social interactionists
Theorists who believe that child interaction is developed through close interactions with carers
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Underextend
Contract the meaning of a word
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Overextend
Stretch the meaning of a word
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Universal grammar
The theory that all languages share a similar grammatical structure under the surface
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Reflexive crying noises

Back

Vegetative

Card 3

Front

Open-mouthed vowel sounds

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Repeated consonant-vowel sounds and combinations of these

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Babbling sounds that seem to match actual word sounds

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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