Child Development

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What is nutrition?
Nutrition links healthy eating with menu planning and it involves the study of growth, maintenance and repair of living bodies which depends on the intake of food.
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What is malnutrition?
Malnutrition results when the body receives the wrong amount or proportions of nutrients.
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What are the 5 different types of nutrients?
Protein, carbohydrates, fats, minerals and vitamins.
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What foods contain protein?
Meat, fish, eggs, milk, cheese, yogurt, cereals, wheat, barley, rye, rice and maize
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What is the function of protein in the body?
Growth and repair and a source of energy.
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What foods contain fat?
Milk, cream, cheese, butter, yogurt, lard, dripping, egg yolk, oily fish, nut oils, olive oil, sunflower oil, margarine.
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What is the function of fat in the body?
It provides energy, needed to build cell membranes, protects the body's organs, keep you warm, make you feel full for longer.
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What foods contain carbohydrates?(Starches)
Cereals, bread, pasta, rice, potatoes, cakes, biscuits, pastry, flour
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What foods contain carbohydrates?(Sugar)
Sugar, honey, jams, marmalade, fruit, syrup
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What foods contain carbohydrates?(Fibre)
Vegetables, fruits and cereals
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What is the function of starches and fibre?
Starches - Give energy. Fibre - For a healthy digestive system.
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What foods contain vitamin A?
Butter, cheese, eggs, milk, carrot, green vegetables
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What foods contain vitamin B?
Yeast, meat, fish, cheese, milk, potatoes
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What foods contain vitamin C?
All fruits and vegetables
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What foods contain vitamin D?
Fish, eggs, milk
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What is the function of vitamin A?
To prevent night blindness
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What is the function of vitamin B?
To help release energy from carbohydrate foods.
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What is the function of vitamin C?
For healthy nails, hair and skin and it helps to absorb iron into the body.
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What is the function of vitamin D?
Works with calcium and phosphorus to form strong bones and teeth.
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What foods contain calcium?
Milk
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What foods contain phosphorus?
Most foods
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What foods contain iron?
Egg yolk, meat
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What food contains iodine?
Fish
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What foods contain fluorine?
Fish
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What is the function of calcium?
Helps in the proper formation of bones and teeth.
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What is the function of phosphorus?
Helps in the proper formation of bones and teeth.
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What is the function of iron?
Needed for the formation of haemoglobin which gives blood its red colour and is essential in the transportation of oxygen in the blood.
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What is the function of iodine?
Is part of the hormone thyroxin produced by the thyroid gland.
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What is the function of fluorine?
Needed for healthy bones and teeth.
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What is a vegetarian?
Does not eat meat or fish.
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What is a vegan?
Does not eat or drink anything which comes from an animal.
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What is coeliac disease?
Cannot have gluten or starch.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is malnutrition?

Back

Malnutrition results when the body receives the wrong amount or proportions of nutrients.

Card 3

Front

What are the 5 different types of nutrients?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What foods contain protein?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the function of protein in the body?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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