Changing urban environment; definitions

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Urbanisation
A process where an increasing proportion of the population lives in town and cities. And there is a reduction living in rural areas.
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Rural to Urban Migration
A process in which people move from the countryside to the towns
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Urban Growth
The expansion of towns and cities so that they cover more land, as well as gaining larger populations.
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Mega-cities
19 cities that have over 10 million inhabitants
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Millionaire cities
300 cities that have over one million inhabitants
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Push factors
Attract people to cities because of the hope of work and earning money, better schools, healthcare, environment
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Pull factors
Encourage people to leave villages because of poverty, few jobs except in farming, poor health facilities, few schools, little entertainment.
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Squatter settlements
Areas of cities (usually on the outskirts) that are built by people from any materials they can find on land that does not belong to them. AKA; favelas, shanty towns or slums..
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Informal Sector
That part of the economy where jobs are created by people to try to get an income and which are not recognized in official figures.
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Self help (ASH)
Sometimes known as assisted self-help, this is where local authorities help the squatter settlement residents to improve their homes by offering finance in the form of loans or grants and often installing water, sanitation etc
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Site and service
Occur where land is divided into individual plots and water, sanitation, electricity and basic track layout are supplied before any building by residents begin.
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Transnational corporations (TNCs)
Companies that spread their operations around the world in attempt to reduce costs and create a global market eg. Coca Cola
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Industrialisation
A process in which an increasing proportion of the population are employed in the manufacturing sector of the economy
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A process in which people move from the countryside to the towns

Back

Rural to Urban Migration

Card 3

Front

The expansion of towns and cities so that they cover more land, as well as gaining larger populations.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

19 cities that have over 10 million inhabitants

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

300 cities that have over one million inhabitants

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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