Castelreagh

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What was Castlereagh's first move when he was made Foriegn secretary in 1812?
He rejected Napoleons peace terms in April and formed a fresh coalition in June
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what were castlreages 4 aims between 1812 and 1814?
Complete defeat of napoleon, Quick peace with the US, maintain the european coalition, maintain the balance of power + lasting peace
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How many powers in the 6th coalition?
7 powers including Russia, Spain, Portugal and Austria
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how mayn fresh troops did he commit to the continent?
20,000
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How did Castlereag achive peace with the Americans in 1814?
He made considerable concessions in the treaty of Ghent
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WHat was the renegotiation called in 1814?
The Treaty of Chaumont
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How did Castlereagh handle the renegotiation of 1814?
he pledged £26 million to the coalition in person
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What did castlereage push for to further maintain the balance of power in Europe after Napoleon's abdication?
he agreed to meet the allies a Chatillion, the Congress of Viena
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Which territories did Britain receive in the Congress of Vienna?
Meddeterainian = Malta and the Ionion islands - North Sea = Heligoland - Indian ocean = Ceylon + Mauritius - West indies = Tobago + St Lucia
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What was so valuble about St Lucia and Tobogo?
It gave Britain profitable access to Caribbean suger
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Why was the purchase of the Cape of Good Hope so important?
It provided the British an important stopping point on the route to India between the Atlantic and the Indian ocean
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What did the Austrians agree to that helped keep the balance of power in Europe?
They gave up belgium, uniting it to the kingdom of the Netherlands making the Low Countries easier too defend
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What did Holland agree to that helped keep the balance of power in Europe?
Construct a border fortress against France - British policy since the 1780s as it garded the part of Europe from which an invasion of Britain could be mounted
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What changed in France?
The borders were restored to their 1790s position + Louis XVI's brother: Louis XVIII took the throne
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give a summery of Britain's position in 1815.
Balance of Europe restored with the strengthened kingdom of Holland + Trading prospects increased + Naval supremacy still dominant + Britain could could reduce war time spending with allies on the continent
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What did Castleregh and Alexander I of Russia disagree on?
Castlereagh rejected the proposal of a Holy alliance
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What would a holy alliance involve?
The agreement of European nations to support the god given right of monarchs to protect themselves from nationalist and liberal moments in Europe?
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Castlereagh did not like the idea of liberal revelution, so why did he reject the Tsar's propsoals?
He didn't want Britain involved in another costly war, it would only intervene if the balance of power was threatened + he didn't see It would only get involved where it as a right that Britain should protect the monarchies of Europe
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Why would the Holy Alliance not get support from the British people?
It wouldn't support a war to uphold absolute monarchy. Britiain was a constitutional Monarchy that supported liberty, whereas Prussia Austria and Russia were not
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Which country was admitted to the power system i the 1818 Congress of Aix la Chapelle
France - fulfilling Pitts legacy of believing war with France to be childish
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What did Castlereagh disagree to at Aix la Chapelle?
Tasr Alexander's proposal to form a standing force to put down continental revelutions
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By the congress of Troppau in 1820 what developments had occurred in Europe?
There was Unrest in the Italy and the German states - all european powers supported mulitlateral action
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How was Britain exceptional at the Congresses of Troppau and Laibach?
Castlereagh rejected the proposals of joint action from the European monarchies
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When and why did Castlereagh commit scuicide?
12th August 1922 possibly after being blackmailed over homosexual liasons
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Whad did Castlereagh do before his death?
Left a note stression that Britian should not support any move to quell rebellions in Europe at the Congress of Verona
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Card 2

Front

what were castlreages 4 aims between 1812 and 1814?

Back

Complete defeat of napoleon, Quick peace with the US, maintain the european coalition, maintain the balance of power + lasting peace

Card 3

Front

How many powers in the 6th coalition?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

how mayn fresh troops did he commit to the continent?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did Castlereag achive peace with the Americans in 1814?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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