Britain topic 1

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What period was the impact of the Depression?
1931-1939
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In 1932, how much did unemployment increase by and in what industry?
unemployment increased by 26.5% in the shipbuilding industry
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What is CISST
The industries that were most badly hit during the depression (coal, iron and steel, shipbuilding and textiles)
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What areas were worst hit in the depression?
industrial towns, South Wales, Clydeside, North-West and North-East England, Northern Ireland were worst affected unemployment
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Were in the UK did industries grow during the Depression
South-East England and the Midlands developed due to the growth of new industries, manufacturing products such as cars, aeroplanes and electrical goods
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List some approaches the government took to combat unemployment
orthodox approach, the keynesian approach, coming off the gold standard rationalisation and amalgamation, the special areas act.
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What is the orthodox approach from the government to combat unemployment?
cutting public spending so there's less coming in but more going out
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What is the keynesian approach from the government to combat unemployment?
government borrow money and spend it on public service programmes to create jobs. People are given money and therefore more spending power and less benefit claims
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What is 'coming off the gold standard?
it reduced the value of the pound against foreign currencies making British exports more expensive.
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What is rationalisation and amalgamation ?
reducing competition by closing small, less profitable companies and sacking workers.
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What is the special areas act and when was it passed
areas worst hit by unemployment. in 1934, the government offered £2,000,000 grant for companies to move into these areas
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List four actions which made the depression worse?
rasing income tax, cutting employment by 10%, introducing the means test and adding import duties to goods from abroad
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List four actions which helped the depression?
came off the gold standard- increase money, reduced interests rates- reduced people's debt, special areas act- attracted industries, local councils built 500,000 council homes- more money
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Describe the means test and the dole
people who've been unemployed for 6 months AND passed means testare given a dole which averaged at £1.50 for families in 1937 or 75p for a single man. The means test was run by PACs to see whether the home had enough value
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describe impacts of unemployment
overcrowding- 3/4 families living in one room, food was mainly bread, margarine, potatoes for the poor- no meat or fresh produce, medicine was expensive , people lost purpose, newspapers as nappies, national unemployed workers' movement.
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What was the nation unemployed worker's movement?
during the 1930s, led by communist will harrignton, tactic for hunger march, groups of unemployed and draws attention to plight of unemployed
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Describe key facts of the Jarrow March
oct 1936, 200 men march 300 miles to london to raise awareness and gain respect. 70% of men unemployed. hebburn colliery closed inn 1930, jarrow steel works closed in 1931, Palmer's shipyard in Jarrow closed in 1934
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What did Sir John,MP, do to help the Jarrow March
he opened a steel works in 1937 which employed 200 men and gave the government an excuse to ignore Jarrow.
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Card 2

Front

In 1932, how much did unemployment increase by and in what industry?

Back

unemployment increased by 26.5% in the shipbuilding industry

Card 3

Front

What is CISST

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What areas were worst hit in the depression?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Were in the UK did industries grow during the Depression

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