League of Nations - Causes of Failure

HideShow resource information

Membership

USA DIDN'T JOIN

- USA ONE OF MAIN POWERS

- TRADED WITH A LOT OF COUNTRIES - LIMITED ECONOMIC SANCTIONS

WOODROW WILSON ONLY ONE PASSIONATE ABOUT LEAGUE - ONLY MAIN POWERS LEFT WERE BRITAIN AND FRANCE - NOT WILLING TO TAKE LEADING ROLE

- USA HAD HUGE ARMY - LEAGUE COULDN'T USE IT

RUSSIA NOT INVITED TO JOIN

- MILITARY INTERVENTION ON MANCHURIAN CRISIS IMPOSSIBLE - RUSSIA ONLY COUNTRY CLOSE ENOUGH TO SEND TROOPS

 

1 of 6

Weaknesses in Organisation

ASSEMBLY 

- REPRESENTITIVE OF EACH MEMBER DISCUSSED GENERAL TOPICS LIKE REVISION OF TREATIES ETC.

WEAKNESSES

- ONLY MET ONCE A YEAR

- VETO - UNRELIABLE WITH FIRM DECISION MAKING - RELIED ON GOOD WILL OF MEMBERS

COUNCIL

- FIVE PERMENANT MEMBERS AND FOUR OTHER MEMBERS THAT ROTATED EVERY THREE YEARS MET EVERYTHREE YEARS TO DISCUSS PUNISHMENT

PUNISHMENT INFORCED

- MORAL CONDEMNATION - ALL COUNTRIES PUT PRESSURE ON AGGRESSOR TO SHAME COUNRY INTO STOPPING WAR

- ECONOMIC SANCTIONS - ALL COUNTRIES STOPPED TRADING WITH AGGRESSOR

- MILITARY FORCE - COUNTRIES SEND ARMED FORCES TO COUNTRY TO ACT AGAINST AGGRESSOR

2 of 6

Weaknesses in Organisation

WEAKNESSES

- NO PERMINANT ARMY - DEPENDED ON GOOD WILL OF MEMBERS TO DONATE MEN

- ECONOMIC SANCTIONS LIMITED - MANY COUNRIES TRADED WITH USA - NOT IN LEAGUE

PERMINANT COURT OF JUSTICE

- COURT OF 15 JUDGES SET UP TO DISCUSS DISPUTES OVER INTERNATIONAL LAW E.G. TERMS OF TREATIES

WEAKNESSES

NO MEANS OF ENFORCING DECISIONS - RELIED ON GOODWILL OF MEMBERS

3 of 6

Manchurian Crisis

- JAPAN INVADED CHINA USING EXCUSE OF SUPPOSED EXPLOSION ON MANCHURIAN RAILWAY THAT THEY BLAMED TO BE SABOTAGED BY CHINA

HIGHLIGHTED FAILURE OF PUNISHMENT SYSTEM

-  SENT LYTTON COMMISION TO LOOK AT EVIDENCE - TOOK A WHOLE YEAR TO REPORT JAPAN AS AGGRESSORS AND ENABLE LEAGUE TO ENFORCE PUNISHMENT

- JAPAN FORMALLY CONDEMNED - JAPAN LEFT LEAGUE

- NO ECONOMIC SANCTIONS ISSUED - JAPAN TRADED WITH USA

- NO MILITARY INTERVENTION - BRITAIN AND FRANCE TOO FAR TO SEND TROOPS - ONLY COUNTRY CLOSE ENOUGH WAS USSR - NOT IN LEAGUE

 

4 of 6

Manchurian Crisis

HIGHLIGHTED SELFISHNESS IN BRITAIN AND FRANCE

- NEITHER COUNTRY WANTED TO BE INVOLVED IN PROBLEMS OUTSIDE EUROPE

- BRITAIN DIDN'T WANT CONFLICT IN JAPAN TO EFFECT TRADE IN FAR EAST

- FRANCE HAD NO INTENTION OF SENDING TROOPS

- DIDN'T WANT CONFLICT WITH JAPAN - JAPAN WOULD HAVE BEEN USEFUL ALLY TO USSR

LEAGUE LOST CONFIDENCE

- FIRST MAJOR FAILURE

- REALISED THAT THEY COULD NOT ENFORCE EFFECTIVE PUNISHMENT

5 of 6

Abyssinian Crisis

- MUSSOLINI WANTED TO RESTORE ROMAN EMPIRE TO GAIN POPULARITY SO INVADED ABYSSINIA, CAUSING A CLASH BETWEEN ABYSSYNIAN AND ITALIAN SOLDIERS AT WAL WAL IN 1935

DISPLAYED COWARDISS OF LEAGUE

- HOARE LAVAL PACT - GAVE ITALY TWO THIRDS OF ABYSSINIA - SHOWED THAT THEY WOULD DISCARD THE WELLFARE OF ABYSSINIA TO AVOID WAR AND MAKE THINGS EASY FOR THEMSELVES

DISPLAYED SELFISHNESS OF LEAGUE

- BRITAIN AND FRANCE DIDN'T WANT TO APPOSE MUSSOLINI - DIDN'T WANT TO LOSE ALLIANCE WITH ITALY KNOWN AS STRESSA FRONT - DID NOT CLOSE SUEZ CANAL - WNT AGAINST COLLECTIVE SECURITY

- BRITAIN REFUSED TO STOP TRADE OF COAL, OIL AND STEEL - DIDN'T WANT TO INCREASE UNEMPLOYMENT IN COAL INDUSTRY

- LEAD TO SIGNING OF ROME-BERLIN AXIS IN 1936 - BRITAINS PLANS TO KEEP STRESA FRONT AND PREVENT ALLIANCE FORMING BETWEEN MUSSOLINI AND HITLER HADN'T WORKED

6 of 6

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all League of Nations resources »