Bread and Pastry

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What is the basic bread recipe?
500g strong plain flour, 10g salt, 1 sachet dried yeast, 250ml water
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What is the ideal temperature for the water in a basic bread recipe?
37*c
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What is the required oven temperature for bread?
200-220*c depending on shape and size (gas mark 6-8)
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What is the funtion of flour in bread?
forms the framework of the bread
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What does dextrinisation in flour in bread allow to happen?
caramalisation which gives it the colour
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What does the function of the gluten in flour in bread?
keeps its shape
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What are the functions of water in bread?
helps bind ingredients, aids gluten development, needed for yeast to ferment
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What are the functions of salt in bread?
adds flavour and aids the development of gluten
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Why does yeast help bread rise?
lets off CO2
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What are the functions of fats and oils in bread?
weaken the gluten and restrict the yeast action- creating a closer texture
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What are the four main types of pastry?
flaky/rough puff, choux, shortcrust, suet
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What is the function of fat in pastry?
shortens it
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What is the function of flour in pastry?
helps form the structure and gives colour
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What is the function of water in pastry?
binds everything together and helps form the structure
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What is the function of salt in pastry?
adds flavour
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How does pastry rise?
traps steam in the oven
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Card 2

Front

What is the ideal temperature for the water in a basic bread recipe?

Back

37*c

Card 3

Front

What is the required oven temperature for bread?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the funtion of flour in bread?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does dextrinisation in flour in bread allow to happen?

Back

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