Blood Transport System

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Artery
Thick-walled blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart
1 of 18
Vein
Thin-walled blood vessel carrying blood towards the heart
2 of 18
Arterioles
Small arteries
3 of 18
Venules
Small veins
4 of 18
Capillaries
Tiny blood vessels supplied nutrients to cells and removing waste materials
5 of 18
Pulmonary circulation
Blood from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart picking up oxygen
6 of 18
Systemic circulation
Oxygenated blood carried from the heart to the body tissues and back to the heart
7 of 18
Vasoconstriction
reducing flow of blood into capillaries by action of sympathetic nerve
8 of 18
Vasodilation
Increasing flow of blood into capillaries
9 of 18
Systolic pressure
Pressure of the heart contracting
10 of 18
Diastolic pressure
Pressure of the relaxed heart
11 of 18
Venous return
Mechanisms involved to assist the return of blood to the heart
12 of 18
Skeletal muscle pump
Breathing movement force blood to flow towards the heart
13 of 18
Haemoglobin
Red pigment that transports oxygen in the blood
14 of 18
Oxyhaemoglobin
Chemical combination of haemoglobin with oxygen
15 of 18
Bohr Shift
Change in shape-movement to the right of the oxyheamoglobin dissociation curve which results in the release of more oxygen in exercising muscles
16 of 18
Hydrogen carbonate
main means by which carbon dioxide is transported by the blood
17 of 18
Arterio-venous oxygen difference
Amount of oxygen removed from the blood by muscles
18 of 18

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Thin-walled blood vessel carrying blood towards the heart

Back

Vein

Card 3

Front

Small arteries

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Small veins

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Tiny blood vessels supplied nutrients to cells and removing waste materials

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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