Biology-Diet and Metabolic Rate

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Balanced diet does not keep you?
healthy
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What should your diet contain for a good health?
It should provide the energy you need
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What else?
Because the different food groups have different uses in the body, you need to have the right balance of food as well
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What are the 5 types of food you need?
carbs,fats,protein,fibre,vitamins and mineral ions
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Why do you need carbs?
to release energy
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Why do you need fats?
to keep you warm and release energy
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Why do you need protein?
for growth,cell repair,and cell replacement
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Why do you need fibre?
to keep everything moving smoothly through your digestive system
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Why do you need vitamins and minerals?
to keep your skin,bones,blood and everything generally healthy
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Peoples energy needs vary on?
who you are
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Why do you need energy?
To fuel the chemical reactions in the body that keep you alive
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What are the reactions in your body called?
metabolism
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What is the speed of your chemical reactions called?
metabolic rate
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There are slight varations in the resting metabolic rate of?
different people
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For example?
Muscle needs more energy than fatty tissues
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This means?
People with a bigger proportion of muscle to fat in their bodies will have a higher metabolic rate
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However, physically bigger people are likely to have?
higher metabolic rate the smaller people (the more bigger the more energy your body needs to be supplied with (cells)
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Men tend to have higher rate than women-because of?
Bigger proportion of muscle
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What else effects your metabolic rate?
Genetic factors
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Regular exercise can boost?
Your resting metabolic rate because it builds muscle
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When you exercise you need more energy so your metabolic rate goes up during?
Exercise and stays high for some time after you finish
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So people who have an active job need more?
Energy
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You actvity level effects the amount of?
Energy your diet should contain
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If you do little exercise you need less ____ so less ___
energy , fat and carbs
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What should your diet contain for a good health?

Back

It should provide the energy you need

Card 3

Front

What else?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the 5 types of food you need?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why do you need carbs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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