Bio Molecules

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Carhobydrates
composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. composed of monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides.
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Monosaccharides
made up on one sugar unit (basic form). mainly consists of glucose, galactose and fructose. soluble and has an osmotic effect.
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Glucose
most common monosaccharide - found in most disaccharides and polysaccharides. primary substrate in respiration and transport media for carbohydrates.
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Disaccharides
made up of two sugar units (two monosaccharides) through a condensation reaction. consists of maltose, sucrose and lactose
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Condensation and Hydrolysis
condensation is the removal of water in a reaction. hydrolysis is the addition of water to break existing bonds (aided by acids and enzymes).
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Polysaccharides
made up of more than two sugar units (repeated chains). consists of starch, cellulose and glycogen. insoluble and have no osmotic effect
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Card 2

Front

made up on one sugar unit (basic form). mainly consists of glucose, galactose and fructose. soluble and has an osmotic effect.

Back

Monosaccharides

Card 3

Front

most common monosaccharide - found in most disaccharides and polysaccharides. primary substrate in respiration and transport media for carbohydrates.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

made up of two sugar units (two monosaccharides) through a condensation reaction. consists of maltose, sucrose and lactose

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

condensation is the removal of water in a reaction. hydrolysis is the addition of water to break existing bonds (aided by acids and enzymes).

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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