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Carbohydrates: Most of them are POLYMERS


What are the monomers of Carbohydrates?
Monosaccharides


There are two types of Glucose:
`Alpha' and `Beta' Glucose




Carbohydrates contain 3 elements:

1. Carbon (C)
2. Hydrogen (H)
3. Oxygen (O)
Carbohydrates are found in one of three forms:
1. Monosaccharides
2. Disaccharides (both…

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GLUCOSE:
Glucose's structure is related to its function as the `main
energy source' in animals & plants.

Its structure makes it soluble so it can be easily transported.
Its chemical bonds contain lots of energy.


FACT:




Monosaccharides
General formula:
(CH2O)n where n is a number between 3 and 9.…

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POLYSACCHARIDE FORMATION:
Monosaccharides are joined together by GLYCOSIDIC BONDS.



What happens during Synthesis?
A hydrogen atom on one monosaccharide bonds to a
hydroxyl (OH) group on the other, releasing a molecule of
water ­ this process is known as CONDENSATION REACTION.

The reverse of this reaction is HYRDROLYSIS. What…

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