Behaviour

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  • Created by: Phil
  • Created on: 07-06-13 09:55
What is innate behaviour?
A response that occurs w/o the need for learning. It is inherited and is similar in all members of the same species.
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What is learned behaviour?
A response that changes and adapts with experience.
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4 advantages to innate behaviour.
1.Does not need to be learned. 2.Requires few neurones,3.Apropiate for the animal's habitat(nat selection),4.Appropiate for invertebrates with short life(no time to learn)
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2 advantages to learned behaviour?
1.Can be altered by experience. 2.Learned behaviours form the basis of all intelligent and intellectual activity.
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3 egs of innate behaviour?
Reflexes, Kineses and Taxes
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Describe reflexes as innate behaviour with an example
A particular stimulus brings about an automatic response. eg Earthworms withdraw underground in reponse to vibrations.
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Describe Kinesis as innate behaviour and give an example
A movement in response to an external stimulus.Rate of movement is determined by the intesity of the stimulus. Eg Woodlice placed in dry/bright conditions, they will move aroun rapidly and randomly until more suitable conditions are found.
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Describe Taxes as innate behaviour and give an example
A directional movement in response to an external stimulus. Eg woodlice move away from light to be less visable to predators. Positive taxis is towards the stimulus, while negative is away.
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What are fixed action patterns?
A stimulus initiates an instictive behavioural response.
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What is habituation?
Animals learn to ignore a certain stimuli due to repeated exposure to the stimulus resulting in neither a reward or punishment. It avoids wasteing energy in response.
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What is Imprinting?
Young animals being associated with another organism, Usually parent. Occurs during sensitive period and helps young learn skills from parents.
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What is Classical Conditioning?
A form of adaptive learning where a conditioned stimulus leads to a a condition response. Animals relate a pair of events and respond to the first event in anticipation of the second.
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What is operant conditioning?
A form of adaptive learning in which an animal learns (by trial and error) to carry out a particular action in order to revieve a reward or avoid a punishment.
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What is Latent learning?
Animals explore new surroundings and retain information that may be useful at a later time.
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What is insight learning?
Animals integate memories of two or more earlier actions to produce a new response or gain a reward.The highest form of learning and requires the ability to think and reason in order to solve problems.
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4 advantages of social behaviour in gorillas
1.Females give birth to few young at a time allowing maternal care of young individuals.2.Knowledge/protection of food sources is shared with the group.3.Individuals work together to detect and deter predators.4.Young play with older members to learn
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What is DRD4?
One of the 5 genes that codes for dopamine receptors, it is the most variable gene.
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What do the different levels of dopamine in the brain depend on and what could this be linked to?
The different levels depend on the receptors. Different levels can be linked with conditions such as ADHD, schizophrenia, it can also be linked with addictive and risk behaviours.
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Card 2

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What is learned behaviour?

Back

A response that changes and adapts with experience.

Card 3

Front

4 advantages to innate behaviour.

Back

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Card 4

Front

2 advantages to learned behaviour?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

3 egs of innate behaviour?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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