Also known as innate behaviour.
This is a large collection of responses which are usually seen in every member of a particular species.
- It is a genetically determined response to a particular stimulus, and it occurs as specific nerve pathways are laid down in the embryo from the instructions of the DNA.
- The stimulus for a piece of innate behaviour will always elicit the same response, which has been selected over generations for its survival value.
- Nature is completely dominant in the development of these pathways in the brain.
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- This is an adaptive change in the behaviour of an individual which occurs as the result of experience.
- Nurture is important in the way the brain develops and learning takes place in repsonse to the environment.
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Types of Individual-characteristic behaviour
- Conditioned reflexes
- Trial-and-error (operant) learning
- Exploratory (latent) learning
- Insight learning
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