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Learned Behaviour
What is it?
Change or adaptation of behaviour from experience.
Flexible
Benefits animals with longer life spans
Benefits animals with an element of parental care of the
young
Benefits animals that live with other members of the
species for at least a time
Tip: It is not necessary to learn lots of
examples of behaviours. It's more
important that you are able to identify
what type of behaviour is being shown
and how to describe it.…read more

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Types of learned behaviour
Habituation
Animals learn to ignore certain stimuli because
repeated exposure to the stimulus results in neither
reward or punishment.
Imprinting
Young animals being associated with another
organism, usually the parent. After that, they
will only follow and learn from objects that look like
the first objects.…read more

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Types of learned behaviour 2
Classical conditioning
A form of adaptive learning in which the innate response is
modified. The animal learns to respond to a stimulus that is
different from the usual stimulus.
Operant conditioning
A form of adaptive learning in which an animal learns to carry
out a particular action in order to receive a reward or avoid an
unpleasant experience.…read more

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Types of learned behaviour 3
Latent learning
Behaviour that is not directed towards a particular outcome.
Animals explore new surrounding and learn information that has
no apparent value at the time, but may be useful at some time.
Insight learning
A form of learning in which an animal integrates memories of two
or more earlier actions to produce a new response or gain a reward.
The organism has the ability to think and reason in order to solve
problems or deal with situations that do not resemble simple fixed,
reflex responses or the need for repeat trial and error.…read more

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Human behaviour
Range of dopamine receptors in the brain.
Depending on how effective the receptors are, there
will be different levels of dopamine in the brain.
The different levels are linked to a range of
conditions, such as schizophrenia, ADHD and
Parkinson's disease.
The DRD4 receptor is one of the most variable
receptors.…read more

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