Beck - Cognitive treatments for thoughts

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  • Created by: Steff06
  • Created on: 31-05-16 12:28
What does cognitive psychology see our dysfunctional behaviour as?
Sees our behaviour as a consequence of some internal processing of information.
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How can cognition lead to dysfunctional behaviour?
If something goes wrong with what information we attend to and how we perceive and store it, then the response may not be what everyone expects and this could lead to a label of dysfunctional behaviour.
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How does Beck show dysfunctional behaviour can be removed?
Can be removed by rectifying illogical thinking.
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What was the aim of Beck's research?
To understand cognitive distortions in patients with depression.
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Describe the methodology used in Beck's research
Clinical interviews with patients who were undergoing therapy for depression.
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Who were the participants in Beck's study?
50 patients with depression. 16 men, 34 women aged 18-48. Median age of 34. Most judged to be middle/upper class and at least average intelligence.
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Describe the design used in Beck's study
Independent design as patients were compared with a group of non-depressed patients undergoing psychotherapy.
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How were the patients matched?
Matched on age, sex and social position.
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Describe the procedure used in Beck's research
Face to face interviews with retrospective reports of patients' thoughts before the session as well as spontaneous thought during the session.
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What did some patients keep?
Some patients kept diaries of their thoughts and brought these to the therapy sessions.
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What were records kept of?
Records were kept of the non-depressed patients' verbalisations to compare with those of the depressed patients.
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What were the findings found regarding themes?
Certain themes appeared in the depressed patients that did not appear in the non-depressed patients.
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What were the themes found in the depressed patients not found in the non-depressed?
Low self-esteem, self-blame, overwhelming responsibilities and desire to escape, anxiety caused by thoughts of personal danger, paranoia and accusations against others.
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What did depressed patients have to situations?
Had stereotypical responses to situations even where inappropriate.
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What did depressed patients regard themselves as?
Regarded themselves as inferior to others in their social or occupational groups e.g. less attractive, less intelligent, less successful as a parent.
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Some patients felt themselves as what?
Unlovable and alone even when others showed friendship.
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When was self-blame shown?
Shown even when this was illogical. e.g. a mother blaming herself for not picking a nicer day when it rained on a family picnic.
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What did these distortions tend to be?
Tended to be automatic, involuntary, plausible and persistent.
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What was the conclusion drawn?
Even in mild depression, patients have cognitive distortions that deviate from realistic and logical thinking.
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What was the problem with these distortions?
These distortions related only to depression and not to other areas.
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Card 2

Front

How can cognition lead to dysfunctional behaviour?

Back

If something goes wrong with what information we attend to and how we perceive and store it, then the response may not be what everyone expects and this could lead to a label of dysfunctional behaviour.

Card 3

Front

How does Beck show dysfunctional behaviour can be removed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the aim of Beck's research?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the methodology used in Beck's research

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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