Cognitive treatments for dysfunctional behaviour

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  • Cognitive treatments for DB
    • Rational emotive therapy
      • Uses ABC model
        • A = activating event
          • E.g. failing an exam
        • B = beliefs
          • E.g. thinking you are stupid for failing the exam
        • C = consequences
          • Involves what happens if you have these faulty beliefs
      • Cognitive treatments involve altering thoughts to make them positive not irrational
        • RET aims to reverse illogical thinking and create realistic thinking and positive behaviour
    • Treatment of negative automatic thoughts
      • Based on the idea that people with disorders such as depression expect to fail and have negative self views
      • Collaborative between patient and therapist
        • 1: Problem + goal are identified
          • 2: For someone with depression, negative thoughts are challenged and they are then given homework to 'test' these thoughts
            • 3: patient monitors perceptions realistically and monitor N.A.T
              • 4: examine evidence supporting thoughts
                • Patient then comes to understand why they have these thoughts
    • Beck + Ellis
      • Aim: compare effectiveness of drug + cognitive therapies
        • Experimental method & independent measures
          • Participants: 44 diagnosed with depression
            • Procedure: assessed with self reports before treatment + had 1 hour of CBT for 12 wks or 100 imipramine capsules
              • Findings: cognitive group showed an improvement of 78.9% compared to 20%
                • Findings 2: CBT attrition was 5%, drugs was 32%
                  • Conclusion: cognitive therapy leads to a better treatment for depression


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