Depression

  • Created by: 15mjanes
  • Created on: 14-12-18 20:01
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  • Depression
    • Behavioural characteristics
      • Neglect of personal appearance
      • Change to eating habits
      • Weight gain/loss
      • Disturbed sleeping patterns
      • Loss of energy
      • Withdrawal from others
    • Emotional characteristics
      • Intense sadness, low mood
      • irritability
      • loss of interest
      • feeling worthless
      • anger
    • Cognitive characteristics
      • Negative thoughts
      • lack of concentration
      • loss self-esteem
      • poor memory
      • recurrent thoughts of death
      • low confidence
    • Cognitive explanation
      • Ellis's ABC model
        • irrational beliefs about the self and the world.
        • Activating event, beliefs, consequences
        • negative event, irrational beliefs, unhealthy negative emotion
      • Beck's negative triad
        • Faulty thinking
        • Cognitive Distortions
        • negative self, negative world, negative future
          • Negative schemas
          • cognitive biases
    • Cognitive Treatment
      • CBT- cognitive behavioural therapy
        • challenges irrational thoughts by comparing it to reality
          • creates new thinking patterns
        • focus on the present
        • homework is set
        • PROS
          • effective
          • makes patient feel empowered
        • CONS
          • sometimes negative cognitions are an accurate representation of reality: depressive realsim
          • some believe that faulty cognitions are just a part of the illness.

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