Bangladesh - LEDC Flood

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  • Created by: JCSL
  • Created on: 17-04-16 11:05
When was the Bangladesh flood?
1998
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How much of the total area is less than 1m above sea level?
70% of the total area less than 1m above sea level
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What percentage of the total are is made from lakes and rivers?
10% of total area is lakes and rivers
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Give 3 physical ways that Bangladesh is prone to flooding
Experiences heavy monsoon rains / Most of the country is a huge flood plain and delta / Himalayas' snow melt in late spring and summer
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What was the main cause for flooding in Bangladesh?
Long period of above average rainfall cause all 3 rivers to have their peak flow at once
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Where is there deforestation and how does this effect flooding?
Deforestation in Nepal and Himalayas increase run off and adds to deposition downstream
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How has urbanisation effected flooding?
Urbanisation of the flood plain has increased magnitude and frequency of floods
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What has increased the sediment problem in Bangladesh?
Building damns in India
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What 3 things has global warming led to?
Sea level rise / Increased snow melt / Increased rainfall
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What is poorly maintained that led to flooding?
Levees poorly maintained leak and collapse at times of high discharge
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How many people were made homeless?
25 million people made homeless
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What percentage of land was flooded?
57% of land flooded
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How many people were killed?
1,300 people killed
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How many homes were destroyed?
7 million homes destroyed
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How much did the flood damage cost?
Damage cost $7 billion
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How many people were affected by diarrhoea and where?
100,000 people affected by diarrhoea in Dhaka
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How much rice was destroyed?
2 million tonnes of rice were destroyed
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How much of the cattle and poultry were lost?
1/2 of the cattle and poultry were lost
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Give 3 short term responses
Emergency supplies for food, water tents and medicines / Aid from other countries / Boats used to rescue people
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How many food shelters were built long term?
5,000 food shelters built
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How much did the embankment built cost and how big is it?
Embankment cost $6 billion, 350km long and 7m high
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How many damns are being built, for how much and how long will they take to complete?
7 large damns built to store excess water, cost $30-40 million, will take 40yrs to complete
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Give 2 other long term responses
Develop an effective flood warning system / Negotiate reductions of deforestation in Nepal and Himalayas
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How much of the total area is less than 1m above sea level?

Back

70% of the total area less than 1m above sea level

Card 3

Front

What percentage of the total are is made from lakes and rivers?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give 3 physical ways that Bangladesh is prone to flooding

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the main cause for flooding in Bangladesh?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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