Bangladesh

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  • Created by: Ella
  • Created on: 26-05-13 14:59

Bangladesh

Causes

  • Bangladesh experiences many tropical cyclones.
  • The low-lying land means it is easily flooded.
  • Half the country is less than 6km above sea level.
  • The snowmelt in the Himilayas adds water into the main rivers.
  • Building on the floodplains and cutting down trees both increase flodding.
  • Lies on a river delta of three major deltas: Ganges, Brahmaptura & Meghna
  • Global warming is making the problem worse.
  • People are too poor to move and it affects the poor people the most as they can only afford to buy housing in high flood risk areas
  • Urbanisation does not help
  • 80% of the country is floodplain

Effects

  • It helps keep rice crops fertile.
  • There are poor communications. Many locals do not own their own telephone or television so it is difficult to give successful flood warnings.
  • Bangladesh is an LEDC and therefore does not have money to implement large schemes.
  • The Flood Action Plan is funded by the world bank. It funds projects to monitor flood levels and construct flood banks/artificial levees.
  • More sustainable ways of reducing the flooding include building coastal flood shelters on stilts and early-warning systems.
  • 36 million were made homeless
  • 38% land flooded
  • Caused great damage to the countries infrastructure-roads, bridges ect.
  • $2.2 billion cost- poor country

Overall summary

Bangladesh is an LEDC that is prone to high amounts of flooding. In 2004 there was a huge flood that affected many people! Causing many people to think about what to do.

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