Bangladesh is an LEDC. The land is densely populated. Most of the land forms a delta from three main rivers - Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna. Twenty-five per cent of Bangladesh is less than 1 metre above sea level. Flooding is an annual event as the rivers burst their banks. Bangladesh also experiences manytropical cyclones. The low-lying land means it is easily flooded from the coastal waters.
HOW CAN RISK OF FLOODING BE REDUCED?
- Bangladesh is an LEDC - it therefore does not have money to implement large schemes.
- It is always going to be threatened with flooding, so the focus is on reducing the impact.
- The Flood Action Plan is funded by the World Bank. It funds projects to monitor flood levels, and construct flood banks/artificial levees.
- More sustainable ways of reducing the flooding include building coastal flood shelters on stilts and early warning systems.
ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF LIVING IN BANGLADESH
ADVANTAGES OF LIVING IN BANGLADESH:
- The flat floodplains of the delta are very fertile.
- Rice is grown.
DISADVANTAGES OF LIVING IN BANGLADESH:
- The low-lying islands are very vulnerable. They get flooded easily. It is difficult to protect them
- There are poor communications - many locals do not own their own telephone or television. It is difficult to get flood warnings out.