GEOGRAPHY - COASTAL FLOODING - COPING WITH FLOODING IN BANGLADESH (CASE STUDY)

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 13-06-12 19:28

CASE STUDY:

Bangladesh is an LEDC. The land is densely populated. Most of the land forms a delta from three main rivers - Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna. Twenty-five per cent of Bangladesh is less than 1 metre above sea level. Flooding is an annual event as the rivers burst their banks. Bangladesh also experiences manytropical cyclones. The low-lying land means it is easily flooded from the coastal waters.

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HOW CAN RISK OF FLOODING BE REDUCED?

- Bangladesh is an LEDC - it therefore does not have money to implement large schemes.

- It is always going to be threatened with flooding, so the focus is on reducing the impact.

- The Flood Action Plan is funded by the World Bank. It funds projects to monitor flood levels, and construct flood banks/artificial levees.

- More sustainable ways of reducing the flooding include building coastal flood shelters on stilts and early warning systems.

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ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF LIVING IN BANGLADESH

 

ADVANTAGES OF LIVING IN BANGLADESH:

- The flat floodplains of the delta are very fertile.

- Rice is grown.

 

DISADVANTAGES OF LIVING IN BANGLADESH:

The low-lying islands are very vulnerable. They get flooded easily. It is difficult to protect them

 - There are poor communications - many locals do not own their own telephone or television. It is difficult to get flood warnings out. 

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