B ; chartism ; ext. supp. change

what were the years of highest support?
1838-9
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circulation of what is an important indication of fluctuating chartist support?
northern star
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what figures contradicted the decline of chartist support in the 40s?
increasing signatures on bill
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in 1838 what was the nc circulation?
10,000
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but in mass agitation of '39 sold how many copies?
36,000
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in 45 sold fewer than how many copies?
6,000
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and in '51 sold how many?
only just 1,500
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then collapsed in?
'52
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NATIONAL SUPPORT
SIGND
9 of 86
which two areas was support strongest?
north / midlands
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where were there especially well-organised local assocs?
textile districts mcr
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which two areas in particular had vigourous chartist presence?
ashton-under-lyne and stockport
12 of 86
because agitation against which laws had been particularly strong?
poor law
13 of 86
and organisation from which associasions sustained chartists?
anti-poor law leageues
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why movement especially strong among textile workers?
threatened bby technological change
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why were industrial scottish people particularly supportive?
glasgow weavers strike beef
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why did chartism never gain support in ireland?
groups e.g young ireland too concerned with campaigning against the union
17 of 86
how did they view chartism?
an english problem
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also, which group were massively opposed to chartism in ireland?
catholi church
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what % of chartist support cam efrom essex and suffolk?
less than 1%
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because chartists could never gain which groups support?
agricultural workers
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opp to chartism strong among which three groups?
landowners / mc / important church leaders
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who was notorious for denouncing sermons calling irreligious?
bishop of norwich
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which city did chartism have difficult gaining support?
london
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why?
industrial development was only small-scale
25 of 86
in 1840s what were two reason for inc chartist supp in ldn?
economy fluctuations / good NCA organisation
26 of 86
changing circumstances help explain what events after 48 rejection?
protests and demonstrations in london
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WOMEN AND CHARTISM
DFIGND
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women made up what fraction of 39 petition signatures?
1/3
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what did women specifically run for chartists?
chartist sunday shcools
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and carried out traditional female roles such as?
sewing banners / organising tea parties
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what did women promote with shopkeepers
"exclusive dealing"
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which meant?
they'd boycott those hostile to chartist movement
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how many female chartist associations were there?
over 100
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how many in scotland?
23
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but what were women never considered for?
roles in the national movement
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richardson made a ploy for female rights in which book?
the rights of women
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but what was the attitude of most chartists?
women should b limited to supporting husbands and families not pioolitical activities
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women's support for chartists decline after?
1840
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why were women reluctant to attend NCA meetings?
usually held in male stronghold pubs
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women were more attracted to which other movements?
religious and teetotal groups
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by what year had female support become insignificant?
1848
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what does only surviving kennington common photo show?
overwhelmingly male event
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when was it?
10th april 1848
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CHARTISM AND THE MIDDLE CLASSES
SDIGD
45 of 86
where was mc support especially strong in early years @ least?
ldn
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by 1838 why had most mc supporters left?
concerned with increasingly violent tone
47 of 86
attempts to expand chatist support in early 40s w/ alliances to which two groups suggested?
anti-corn law league / complete suffrage union
48 of 86
did it happen?
nope
49 of 86
when and where was the ACLL formed?
mcr '38
50 of 86
with strong financial support from who?
number of rich industrialists
51 of 86
why did it claim repeal of corn law would benefit agric / indust interest?
form part of growing trend toward free trade boosting eco
52 of 86
why did they also claim this would help wc?
repeal would inevitably lower price of bread and food
53 of 86
but why were many chartists reluctant to work w/ mc again?
after disappointment of '32 reform act
54 of 86
what did some suggest reduced food prices would enable employers to do?
keep wages down
55 of 86
what was the difference between the mc and wc?
mc were economic but wc were political
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and what this prove?
too big a difference t voercome fy faen
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what organisation did joseph sturge form in 1841?
Complete Suffrage Union (CSU)
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which promoted which single issue?
universal male suffrage
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who opposed him massively despite initioal chartist support?
o'connor, shocker, right?
60 of 86
when was a meeting convened attended by both chartists and csu?
december '42
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what did o'connor persuade the people at the meeting was the most important thing?
the people's charter, i know, another shocker
62 of 86
why did the CSU collapse?
no chartist support and no appeal to mc
63 of 86
CHARTISM AND TRADE SOCIETIES
DIGNDF
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what was the first instance of gov attempt to ctrl trade unions in 9900 called?
the combination acts
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legal punishment for what was reintroduced in 1825?
strinking / using collective bargaining to better working conditions
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what were trade unions then struggling to do?
meet members demands
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by late 1830s what did chartism provide outlet for?
workers who saw org w/ political change in areas trade socs were struggling
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however what were still main goals of those trade unionists / workers within chartists?
economic
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when did the chartist convention send out a questionairre to local chartist supp orgs?
1839
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how many did they send to?
23
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of those, how many orgs said they had no general lack of vote grievance?
21
72 of 86
instead more concerned with which three things?
lack work / low pay / spenny food
73 of 86
what, however evidenced large support of workers for chartists?
number of signatures on reform petition sent to parliament
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what did chartists also play a key role in foundation of?
new trade unions
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what two organisations were bothformed in 1844?
The General United Tailors' Trade Protection Society (GUTTPS) and Mechanics Protective Society of GB (MPSGB)
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what did new trade unions grow from?
either localised societies to national bodies or part of umbrella prg
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what had chartism towards the end shown new trade unions?
large groups of organised organisations able to have voices heard
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what miner organisation also had strong chartist influence?
Miners ' Association of Great Britain and Ireland (MAGBI)
79 of 86
despite having been set up for local miners what had several snr officials become?
active chartists
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and what was o'connor asked to offer legal opinion on?
founding constitution
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what was reaction to attempts to hand out chartist literature at MAGBI meetings?
opposition
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evidencing what?
support from leadership for chartists didn't extend to members
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what was rarely a condition put forward for ending workers strilkes?
demands of the people's charter
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evidenced espiecially in which 1842 riots?
plug plot riots
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for most part, miners concerns involved which three classic worker things?
low wages / long hours / high rents
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

circulation of what is an important indication of fluctuating chartist support?

Back

northern star

Card 3

Front

what figures contradicted the decline of chartist support in the 40s?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

in 1838 what was the nc circulation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

but in mass agitation of '39 sold how many copies?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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