attributes of god pt 2

What Philosophers mean by God being ‘simple’ is:
God is unchanging, God is immaterial ,God is not made up of parts
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God is unchanging..
If God was able to change it would mean that he was no longer perfect. Because to change means to move from one thing to another and if God is already supposedly perfect it would mean that if God changed, He would no longer be perfect
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God is immaterial
This means that God is not made up of physical parts like human beings who are made up of flesh, bone etc.
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God is not made up of parts
This means that God is not made up of many parts for example how humans are made up of hair colour, eye colour etc.
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aquinas argued...
that God is not a type of being
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What Philosophers mean by saying God is eternal: Judeo Christian philosophy
Eternal refers to God existing outside of time and space. Eternal refers to God having no beginning or end.
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The eternal God Anselm:
God exists outside of time because nothing can contain God
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The eternal God Aquinas:
Time and change are inseperable and because God cannot change, time must not apply to Him.
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Six main reasons why Christians believe God is eternal:
1.Bible suggests God always exists.
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2
God is non-physical and therefore is beyond physical passing of time.
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3
God is the creator of the universe. As God created the universe he be beyond it and have always existed.
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4
God is the ultimate cause of why change happens in the universe.
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5
God is perfect and therefore not subject to time, time passing usually implies things lose what they had before and this would mean God was no longer perfect.
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6
God exists necessarily - only contingent objects affected by time.
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Boethius argued God =
changeless and impassible - God does not exist in time.
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For Boethius eternity =
“the whole simultaneous and perfect possession of unending life”.
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what does this mean
This means that God’s existence is not only endless but that it is not like physical life which we human beings experience.
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The everlasting God =
God will always and always has existed without end, but time passes for God.
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Omniscient =
all knowing
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God’s omniscience is revealed in the Bible -
“God is the God of all knowledge. He knows everything”.
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There are two approaches to God’s omniscience:
omniscience and Limited omniscience
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omniscience
This view refers to God’s unlimited knowledge, inluding all history, past, present and future. God is outside of time and has knowledge of the whole of time from beginning to end. This view fits with the idea of God being eternal.
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Limited omniscience
God’s knowledge is limited to what is logically possible to know. Or, God limits Himself to how much he can know in order for humans to have free will. God’s knowledge changes over time and He acquires new knowledge as new events occur. This view fit
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Omnipotent
all powerful
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Three main ways that omnipotent can be viewed in Philosophy: 1)
Omnipotence concerns God’s ability to do anything, including the logically impossible. Descartes supported the view that in order to be all-powerful God can do anything, including what might seem impossible.
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2)
Omnipotence concerns God’s ability to do what is logically possible for a perfect God to do. God’s power is different from our powers and abilities - he can do whatever is logically possible for God to do, e.g, it is logically possible for you to cli
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3)
Omnipotent is a statement of the power of God. Anthony Kenny - “A being is omnipotent if it has every power which it is logically possible to possess”. ie. omnipotent is not only a statement about what it is logically possible for God to do, it is a
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

God is unchanging..

Back

If God was able to change it would mean that he was no longer perfect. Because to change means to move from one thing to another and if God is already supposedly perfect it would mean that if God changed, He would no longer be perfect

Card 3

Front

God is immaterial

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

God is not made up of parts

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

aquinas argued...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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