Attention 2

  • Created by: meg_lou
  • Created on: 25-04-17 10:54
How is selective attention studied?
Present 2 or more stimuli and attend to one of them
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How id divided attention studied?
Present multiple stimuli and attend to them all
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What does selective attention demonstrate?
Ability to select and the fate of unattended stimuli
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What does divided attention demonstrate?
The processing limitations of attention
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What factors influence our success at divided attention?
Task similarity, task difficulty, practice, automaticity
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When will divided attention between cognitive tasks be successful?
If the sum of the task demands does not exceed attentional capacity
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When do tasks not have to compete?
When they use different mental resources
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When do unrelated tasks compete?
Driving while talking on the phone
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What input and material does driving rely on?
Visual and spatial
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What input and material does conversation rely on?
Auditory and verbal
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What input and material does conversation rely on?
Auditory and verbal
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What is there a close relationship between?
Task complexity and attentional demand
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What does practice lead to?
Automaticity
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What are the 3 criteria by Posner and Snyder (1974; 1975) for a process being automatic?
Occurs unintentionally, unconsciously and operates without depleting resources of attention
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What tasks draw more attention?
Controlled
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What is an example of negative effects of automaticity?
Stroop task
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What is the orienting reflex/attention capture?
Redirect attention to unexpected stimuli in peripheral vision
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What did Cowan (1995) identify as categories of attention capturing stimuli?
Significant and novel stimuli
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In terms of social cues, what do we tend to notice (Kingston et al., 2003)?
Where other people are looking
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What type of response is orienting?
Preparatory
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How id divided attention studied?

Back

Present multiple stimuli and attend to them all

Card 3

Front

What does selective attention demonstrate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does divided attention demonstrate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What factors influence our success at divided attention?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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