Types of Attention

  • Created by: SHorner96
  • Created on: 25-05-18 13:42
What is top-down/active attention?
Attention that uses previous knowledge, memory and expectation to direct resources and respond.
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What is bottom up/passive attention?
Attention that uses a steady sequence of cognitive processs, begins with the presentation of a stimulus and ends with a response or action.
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What is external attention?
The selection and modulation of sensory information in the environment.
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What is internal attention?
The selection and modulation of sensory information which is internally integrated, such as LTM and working memory.
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What type of attention would you use when presented with two or more stimulus at the same time, but you must only attend to one?
Focused/Selective Attention
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What type of attention provides information about processing limitations and the capacity of attentional mechanisms?
Divided Attention
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Who proposed a dual-model of top-down control, in which a fronto-parietal component initiates and adjusts attentional control, and a cingulo-operculiar component provides a stable set maintenance?
Dosenbach et al., (2008)
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Who highlighted the separation of internal and external attention, by showing that autobiographical planning engages the DMN, and visuo-spatial planning engages the dorsal network?
Spreng et al., (2010)
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Who claims that selective attention influences working memory, and that there is top-down modulation during expectation, encoding and memory retrieval?
Gazzaley & Nobre (2012)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is bottom up/passive attention?

Back

Attention that uses a steady sequence of cognitive processs, begins with the presentation of a stimulus and ends with a response or action.

Card 3

Front

What is external attention?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is internal attention?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What type of attention would you use when presented with two or more stimulus at the same time, but you must only attend to one?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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