attachment - key terms

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what is attachment?
a two-way, enduring, emotional tie to a specific other person
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what is interactional synchrony?
to co-ordinated rhythmic exchanges between carer and infant
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what is reciprocity?
the interaction of similar behaviour patterns between carer and infant
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what are multiple attatchments?
the formation of emotional bonds with many carers
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what is stranger anxiety?
the degree of distress shown by infants when in the presence of unfamiliar people
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what is sensitive responsiveness?
recognising and responding appropriately to infants' needs
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what is imprinting?
a form of attachment where offspring follow the first large moving object
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what is a sensitive period?
a best time period within which attachments can form, though they can still form with more difficulty outside this period
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what is learning theory?
the belief that attachments develop through conditioning processes
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what is classical conditioning?
occurs when a response produced by a stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus
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what is operant conditioning?
a learning process through which the strength of a behavior is modified by reinforcement or punishment
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what is the cupboard love theory?
the belief that attachments are formed with people who feed infants
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what is the monotropic theory?
the idea that infants have an inbuilt tendency to make an initial attachment with one figure, usually the mother
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what are social releasers?
innate, infant social behaviours that stimulate adult interaction and caregiving
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what is a critical period?
a specific time period within which an attachment must form
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what is the internal working model?
a framework used to understand the world that is a template for future relationships based on an infants primary attachment
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what is monotropy?
a tendancy to become attached to one particular adult
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what is the strange situation?
the accepted observational testing method for measuring attachment types
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what is separation anxiety?
the degree of distress shown by infants when parted from attachment figures
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what is cultural variation?
differences in attachment types between different cultural groupings
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what are cross-cultural studies?
comparisons of findings from people of different cultures
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what is imposed etic?
using techniques that are only relevant to one culture to draw conclusions about another
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what is separation?
short-term disruption of an attachment bond
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what is deprivation?
long-term disruption of an attachment bond
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what is privation?
never having formed an attachment bond
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what is institutional care?
childcare provided by orphanages and children's homes
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what is affectionless psychopathy?
an inability to show affection or concern for others
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what is continuity hypothesis?
the idea that there is consistency between early emotional experiences and later relationships
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what is temperament hypothesis?
the idea that the nature of infant's attachments is due to innate personality factors
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what is interactional synchrony?

Back

to co-ordinated rhythmic exchanges between carer and infant

Card 3

Front

what is reciprocity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what are multiple attatchments?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is stranger anxiety?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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