AQA PSYA3 - Aggression

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Bandura, Ross and Ross (1961)
36 boys and 36 girls aged 3-5. Children in aggressive condition showed more verbal and physical aggression. 70% of those in non-aggressive/control groups had zero ratings of aggression.
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Williams (1981)
Found levels of verbal and physical aggression among children in a remote Canadian community increased after introduction of TV.
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Zimbardo (1970)
Asked female participants to dress in white lab coats (control in normal clothes with prominent name tags) and give 'shocks' to a 'victim'. Anonymous participants shocked the 'learner' twice as much as identifiable participants.
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Malmuth and Check (1981)
Found a third of US male university students would **** if there was no chance of getting caught.
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Mills et al (1998)
Surveyed 202 newly admitted inmates to a Canadian prison using Alcohol Dependence Scale - found higher levels of 'serious institutional misconduct' in those with higher levels of alcohol dependence.
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Cheeseman (2003)
Found much prison aggression is a result of lack of purpose or goals, leading to stress which leads to violence.
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Milgram
65% of participants administered fatal shock to 'learner'.
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Mann et al (1990)
Gave 35 healthy subjects dexfenfluramine (depletes serotonin) - observed increased hostility and aggression in males not females.
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Couppis and Kennedy (2008)
Found a reward pathway in mice in the brain which becomes engaged in response to an aggressive event. Dopamine involved as a positive reinforcer in this.
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Archer (1991)
Analysed results of 230 males over 5 studies - found positive correlation between testosterone and aggression.
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McBurnett et al (2000)
Conducted 4 year study of boys with behavioural problems - those with consistently low cortisol levels began antisocial acts at a younger age and exhibited 3x the number of aggressive symptoms than those with high/fluctuating levels.
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Cases et al (1995)
Studied mice genetically engineered to lack MAOA - had dramatically altered serotonin metabolism and showed enhance aggression as adults.
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Bock and Goode (1996)
Found male mice reared alone showed stronger tendency to attack other males than those reared with others.
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Daly and Wilson (1988)
Men who have just been or are about to be left by partners commit a high proportion of homicide of partners.
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Buss et al (1999)
Measured stress levels in US students - males had higher levels when viewing images of sexual infidelity, and woman had higher levels when viewing emotional infidelity.
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Morris (1981)
Conducted non-participant observation of Oxford United Fans home and away, finding their behaviour to be extremely territorial and ritualised.
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Lewis et al (2005)
Among football fans, crowd support was rated as most significant factor contributing to home advantage - inspired team to victory.
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Leunissen and Van Vugt (2010)
Military men have greater sex appeal but only if they have been observed showing bravery in combat.
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Palmer and Tilley (1995)
Male youth street gang members have more sexual partners than ordinary young males.
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Card 2

Front

Found levels of verbal and physical aggression among children in a remote Canadian community increased after introduction of TV.

Back

Williams (1981)

Card 3

Front

Asked female participants to dress in white lab coats (control in normal clothes with prominent name tags) and give 'shocks' to a 'victim'. Anonymous participants shocked the 'learner' twice as much as identifiable participants.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Found a third of US male university students would **** if there was no chance of getting caught.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Surveyed 202 newly admitted inmates to a Canadian prison using Alcohol Dependence Scale - found higher levels of 'serious institutional misconduct' in those with higher levels of alcohol dependence.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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