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AGGRESSION ­ THEME A ­ SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACHES
TO EXPLAINING AGGRESSION


Part 1 ­ Social psychological theories of aggression (Social Learning Theory
and Deinviduation)

SLT states that children learn aggressive behaviour through either direct
experience (being abused or hit by a family member) or acquired indirectly
through observation and intimation…

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AO2 RESEARCH SUPPORT STUDIES/ MERIT (AO2/3)

Bandura ­ The Bobo doll study:

P: The Bobo Dolls research by Bandura supports the SLT as children who
observed adult models being aggressive towards the dolls behaved similarly.
E: This means that the SLT is valid and can be used universally as a…

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P: The SLT and research supporting it can be considered to be unethical.
E: It places the role model/parent responsible for any aggressive behaviour
elicited by the individual that they're assumed to be responsible of.
E: However, if aggression can be potentially an act of free will then shouldn't the…

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Prentice Dunn & Rogers showed processes involved in deinviduation:

1. PUBLIC SELF AWARENESS concerned about impression and can be
reduced by anonymity/diffusion of responsibility (responsibility is spread
out amongst crowd). Public self awareness results in a loss of public
standards of behaviour and lowers our inhibitions.
a. E.g. London rioters…

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E: Mann found that baiting crowds who shouted and encouraged suicide
threateners to 'jump' 'jump' encouraged the chances of suicide.
E: This also shows an example of private self awareness as a process of
deinviduation as individual's norms are pushed aside and everyone conforms to
each other and acts collectively…

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P: Deinviduation can be considered to be deterministic as having a lowered
sense of self awareness in crowds makes you an irrational aggressive person.
E: Studies such as Zimbardo and Mann support this statement as individual
responsibility is removed and diffused amongst the crowd so there is less
consequences to…

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