AQA AS Education Keywords

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: holly
  • Created on: 16-05-13 13:19
Capitalist relations of production
How members of the workforce are organized in relation to each other under capitalism. (Usually hierarchical)
1 of 57
Correspondence theory
Bowles and Gintis's theory that various aspects of work have corresponding features in the education system (uniform; teachers are like the bosses and students are like the employees)
2 of 57
Cultural capital
Cultural skills, such as knowing how to behave, speak and learn , passed on by middle-class parents to their children.
3 of 57
Equality of opportunity
Every person having the same chances.
4 of 57
Hidden curriculum
The informal learning of particular values and attitudes in schools.
5 of 57
Ideology
A set of interconnected ideas that serve the interests of a particular group.
6 of 57
Ideological control
Getting people to behave in a desired way by convincing them that it is in their interests to behave in that way.
7 of 57
Individualism
The belief that individuals are far more important than social groups.
8 of 57
Liberals
Open-minded people who believe in personal freedom, democracy and the rights of others.
9 of 57
Meritocracy
System where people are rewarded on the basis of ability and talent.
10 of 57
Myth of meritocracy
The view that it is not true that the education system rewards pupils on the basis of merit.
11 of 57
Particularistic standards
Judgements based on the exclusive views of a particular group.
12 of 57
Schooling
The process of compulsory education
13 of 57
Secondary education
Education between the ages of 11-16
14 of 57
Specialist schools
Schools that have a particular focus within their curriculum and links to specialist areas of work (Languages, science,etc) they can select 10% of their intake on the basis of ability
15 of 57
State education
Education provided by local and central governments
16 of 57
Universalistic standards
Judgements based upon universally agreed principles.
17 of 57
Compensatory education
Making more resources available to schools in poorer areas in order to compensate for deprivation
18 of 57
Cultural disadvantage
'cultural deprivation' theory suggests that some pupils' backgrounds are in some way deficient or inferior.
19 of 57
Differential educational achievement (DEA)
The extent to which educational achievement differs between social groups.
20 of 57
Educational maintenance allowance (EMA)
A means-tested sum of up to £30 a week, given to post-16 students to support them in meeting the daily costs of coming to school
21 of 57
Material deprivation
Lack of money leading to disadvantages such as an unhealthy diet and unsatisfactory housing.
22 of 57
Positive discrimination
Treating certain groups more favourably than others, usually to help overcome disadvantages.
23 of 57
Self-fulfilling prophecy
A prediction that cause the outcome it predicts.
24 of 57
Tripartite system
System that offered 3 types of school (Grammar, Technical and secondary modern) with students allocated according to abilities and the results of the 11+ test.
25 of 57
Anomaly
An odd, peculiar or strange condition, situation, quality,etc.
26 of 57
Discourse
A set of ideas that tell us how to make sense of the world, what kind of questions to ask, what counts as a problem and how to solve problems.
27 of 57
Ethnocentric
Emphasizing white middle-class culture at the expense of other cultures.
28 of 57
Institutional racism
Racism that is built into the normal day-to-day practices of an organization.
29 of 57
Multicultural Education
Education that recognizes cultural diversity.
30 of 57
Service sector
A group of economic activities loosely organized around finance, retail and personal care.
31 of 57
Coping strategies
ways of 'getting by' in an unpleasant situation
32 of 57
Peer-group status
Being seen as 'big' or important in the eyes of friends and other people around you.
33 of 57
PSE
Personal and social education. sometimes known as PSHE.
34 of 57
Manufacturing industry
Industries that actually make goods. Most of the work in such industries is manual and based in factories.
35 of 57
Adaptations
Refers here to different ways of responding to compulsory schooling (by being a teachers pet or by doing your own thing)
36 of 57
Conspicuous consumption
Public enjoyment of possessions that are known to be expensive so that the ability to pay off such things is 'shown off'
37 of 57
Ethos
The arrangement, character, or fundamental values peculiar to a specific person, people, culture or organization
38 of 57
Heterosexist
Biased against homosexuals
39 of 57
Homogeneous
The same throughout, undifferentiated
40 of 57
Homophobic
Fearing that homosexuals pose a threat of some kind.
41 of 57
League tables
Rank ordering of schools according to their test and exam results.
42 of 57
Liberal professional
University-educated people who tend to be open-minded and encourage personal freedom and self-expression, and who tend to work in areas that enable this outlook to thrive
43 of 57
Remasculinization of the vocational curriculum
Term used by Mac an Ghaill to describe the process whereby higher-status subjects such as Business studies and technology, come to be dominated by boys, while girls are more often on lower-level or stereo-typically female courses.
44 of 57
Streaming
Where pupils are taught in groups according to their perceived ability.
45 of 57
YTS
Youth Training Scheme
46 of 57
11+
IQ test taken at the age of 11 to determine what sort of school you would attend under the tripartite system.
47 of 57
IQ tests
Supposedly objective tests that establish a person's IQ
48 of 57
Marketization
The move towards educational provision being determined by market forces.
49 of 57
National Curriculum
What every pupil in every state school must learn, decided by the government.
50 of 57
New vocationalism
A series of measures in the 1980's that reemphasized the importance of work-related education.
51 of 57
Parity of Esteem
Equal status, equally valued
52 of 57
Public schools
The top private fee-paying schools (Eton, Harrow, etc)
53 of 57
Secondary education
Education between the ages of 11-16
54 of 57
Social Democratic perspective
Supports the view that a democratically elected government can work to reduce the perceived injustices of the capitalist market system
55 of 57
Social exclusion
The situation where people are unable to achieve a quality of life that would be regarded as acceptable by most people.
56 of 57
Vocational
Work-related
57 of 57

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Bowles and Gintis's theory that various aspects of work have corresponding features in the education system (uniform; teachers are like the bosses and students are like the employees)

Back

Correspondence theory

Card 3

Front

Cultural skills, such as knowing how to behave, speak and learn , passed on by middle-class parents to their children.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Every person having the same chances.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The informal learning of particular values and attitudes in schools.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »