Animal Learning and Cognition (6)

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Contiguity is a condition of learning, what is it?
events that occur close together in time or space will become readily associated
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Who put forward the concept of contiguity, a precursor to Watson's behaviourism?
Greek Philosophers and John Stewart Mill. They thought the brain was a blank slate, no behaviour is innate and the environment is the most important thing
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What are three exceptions to the importance of contiguity?
Taste aversion conditioning, Biological relevance, Rescorla 1968: contingency
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Contingency is just as important as continuity, what is contingency?
A regular predictive relationship between contiguous events
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Is surprise important in realtion to the US (outcome) or the CS (tone/light)
The US (outcome)
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What did Kamin 1969 suggest?
That the extent to which we learn about things in the environment depend on how surprising they are
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What is latent inhibition an example of?
the role of attention in animal learning
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Who are the three theorists that try to explain latent inhibition in terms of attention?
Wagner, Mackintosh, Pearce-Hall
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What is Wagner's theory?
attention is high to novel stimuli and low to familiar stimuli
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What is Mackintosh's theory?
Attention is high to novel stimuli, high to signals for biologically important events and low to irrelevant stimuli
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What is Pearce-Hall's theory?
Attention is high while learning about a stimulus and low once learning is complete
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What was Pearce-Hall's theory influenced by?
cognitive models suggesting there are two types of attention processing (automatic and controlled)
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Which theory did Kaye & Pearce 1984 find to be the best predictor of results when measuring attention of animals to a stimulus in three groups?
Pearce-Hall
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Card 2

Front

Who put forward the concept of contiguity, a precursor to Watson's behaviourism?

Back

Greek Philosophers and John Stewart Mill. They thought the brain was a blank slate, no behaviour is innate and the environment is the most important thing

Card 3

Front

What are three exceptions to the importance of contiguity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Contingency is just as important as continuity, what is contingency?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Is surprise important in realtion to the US (outcome) or the CS (tone/light)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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