Act and Rule Utilitarianism

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  • Created by: Wymer-7
  • Created on: 12-04-15 22:00
Act Utilitarianism
Act utilitarianism is the philosophical theory that an action is deemed morally good if it creates the most happiness
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Rule Utilitarianism
Rule utilitarianism is the philosophical theory that an action is deemed morally good if the action is repeated by everyone and it is still creates happiness for everyone
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Jeremy Bentham
The advocate of Act Utilitarianism
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John Stuart Mill
The advocate of Rule Utilitarianism
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Fat Man In The Cave
10 people are in a cave, one being a fat man, on the way out of the cave the fat man gets stuck in a gap which is the only way out of the cave. Should the man be killed to save the other 9? Or should they all die?
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Car accident
There is car accident on the motorway, including a doctor and a mans father. Only one of which can survive. The Doctor has developed a cure for cancer but hasnt released it yet. Who should be saved?
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Higher pleasures
A higher pleasure is one that pleasures the mind such as playing an instrument or reading poetry.
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Lower Pleasures
A lower pleasure is one that pleasures the body such as eating food or drinking alcohol
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Hedonic Calculus
Bentham devised this to work out how much pleasure is created from an action. It has 7 steps to it which help you to do this. For example intensity.
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Motivation
Humans are motivated by pain and pleasure. We aim to maximise pleasure and minimise pain
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Card 2

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Rule utilitarianism is the philosophical theory that an action is deemed morally good if the action is repeated by everyone and it is still creates happiness for everyone

Back

Rule Utilitarianism

Card 3

Front

The advocate of Act Utilitarianism

Back

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Card 4

Front

The advocate of Rule Utilitarianism

Back

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Card 5

Front

10 people are in a cave, one being a fat man, on the way out of the cave the fat man gets stuck in a gap which is the only way out of the cave. Should the man be killed to save the other 9? Or should they all die?

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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