- Grammatical Variation and lexical variation
- Common feature of Northern English = Right Dislocation = reapeat of subject 'he', 'me'
- 'yous' = second person pro noun (plural) - Northern, normally Manchester
- Some maintain archaic pro nouns for example: Yorkshire has 'thee' and 'thou'
- 'ing' varieties in Northern English eg. 'I'm liking this' and 'What are you wanting'