Language Planning

View mindmap
  • Language Planning
    • Language planning
      • Definition =  The actual proposal of what is to be implemented to fulfil the ideological goals of the policy
        • Deliberate effort to influence the function, structure or acquisition of languages or language varieties within a speech community
      • Types of Language Planning
        • Corpus
          • Refers to the body, internal make-up or structure of a language variety or dialect
          • Involves orthography, spelling and punctuation reforms as well as vocabulary regulation
        • Status
          • Involves the promotion of the role or function of a language / variety in relation to another language or variety
          • Affects the relative prestige of a variety or a language
        • Acquisition
          • Refers to the efforts to enable individuals or groups to learn a language
            • This can be as 1st/2nd language learners or foreign language learners
    • Language policy
      • Definition =  Linguistic, political and social goals that underlie the planning more generally
      • Ideology
        • Linguistic assimilation
        • Linguistic Pluralism
        • Vernacularisation
        • Internationalism
      • Goals
        • Linguistic Purification
        • Language Maintenance
        • Language Spread
        • Language Revival
        • Standardisation
        • Language Reform
    • Factors affecting language
      • Number of native speaking population
      • Use in formal communication
      • Geographic dispersal
      • Socio-economic weight of its speakers
    • Language death
      • Up to 1/2 of the 6,000+ languages currently spoken are under threat in the 21st century
    • Académie Française
      • Founded by Cardinal Richelieu in 1635
      • Modelled on: Academia della Crusca, founded in Florence in 1582, published Vocabolario in 1612
      • Nature: linguistically conservative
      • Concern: increased Anglicisation of French and "Americanisation" of French life (replacing loanwords - "walkman", "software" and "email" with ""baladeur", "logiciel" and "courriel")
    • Welsh Language Planning
      • 1911 the Welsh language in Wales had become a minority language
        • 1962 Plaid Cymru & The Welsh Language Society
          • Welsh Language Act of 1993
            • Government of Wales Act 1998
              • 2011 Welsh made an official language in Wales/UK
                • 2011 recognised as a minority language in the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages




Welcome to my blog. I have included a link on the sidebar to my university assignments, other resources used in the course, and some free templates that may come in handy during your web design career. Furthermore, it will be very helpful buying research paper to manage your academic tasks easily. There’s a comment box below if you want to start a discussion or ask me any questions. Hope you enjoy reading!

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all Essay Prep resources »