The Formations of Attachment
Schaffer (1993) – “An attachment is a close emotional relationship between two people, characterised by mutual affection and desire to maintain proximity.”
Characteristics of Attachments
· Seeking proximity – want to be near each other
· Separation anxiety – when the child displays distress. Distress shown when primary care giver isn’t there.
· Pleasure when reunited.
· It’s important to recognise that all attachments are reciprocal – both partners must be involved for the bond to be forged.
Shaffer & Emerson (1964)
0 – 6 weeks
6 weeks – 7 months
7 – 11 months
Smiling & crying, not directed at any special individual
Attention sought from different individuals
Strong attachment to one individual. Good attachments to others often follow
· Longitudinal study – they followed 60 infants from mainly working class area of Glasgow, over a…