The role of the father

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  • The role of the father:
  • Schaffer and Emmerson found that the majority of infants become attached to thier mother first (this happens around 7 months). In only 3% of cases the father was the first sole object of attachment. In 27% of cases the father was the joint first object of attachment with the mother. Withing a few weeks or months they then formed secondary attachments to other family members, including the father. 
  • In 75% of infants studied an attachment was formed with the father by the age of 18 months. This was indicated by the fact that the infants protested when their father walked away, a sign of attachment. 
  • Grossman carried out a longitudinal study looking at parents' behaviour and its relationship to the quality of children's attachments tinto their teens. The research found that quality of children's attachments into their teens. This research found that the quality of attachments with the father was less important in the attachment type of the teenagers then quality of attachment with the mother. Therefore fathers may be lkess important in the long-term emotional development. 
  • The quality of father#s play with infants was related to children's attachements. This suggests that fathers have a different role in attachment, one that is more to do with play vand stimulation and less to do with nurturing. Some evidence suggests that when fathers do take on the role of being the main caregiver they adopt behaviours more typical of mothers. Field


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