The Great Turn: industrial reform

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Stalin believed that to industrialise, Russia needed to produce the raw materials needed to build factories and industrial equipment

  • These were known as heavy industry: iron, coal, oil and steel
  • These materials were useful for rearmament
  • Stalin wanted to industrialise within 5 years

The First Five-Year Plan

  • A series of targets for every workshop, mill and mine in Russia, set by officials in an organisation known as Gosplan (the State Planning Committee)
  • The Plan was published in three large volumes but there were no instructions about how the targets were to be met or how the materials were to be used
  • This was known as a 'command economy'

The focus was on heavy industry

  • These materials were necessary to


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