B ; reform ; pressures ; representation of the people act '67

1 of 141
in '34 what did peel declare about '32?
'a final and irrevocable settlement of a great constitutional question'
2 of 141
and even russell spoke out against reform in what year?
3 of 141
earning himself the nickname?
'finality jack'
4 of 141
chartists revived in 1830s/40s but after it was revealed?
public diinny care that muc
5 of 141
reform bills introduced by liberals in what years?
6 of 141
but met with?
little enthusiasm
7 of 141
one major obstacle to reform removed in oct '65 when what happened?
PM viscount palmerston died
8 of 141
what was his stance on reform?
vigorously opposed
9 of 141
most prominent liberal minister who came out in support of reform was?
10 of 141
on palmerston's death in '65 who became PM?
russell, remember finality jack 1st reforms dude
11 of 141
what was different from 1830-2 about 1865?
no substantial extra-parliamentary pressure
12 of 141
what had happened to 40s economic success?
13 of 141
and followed by sustained growth thanks to?
industrial revolution
14 of 141
by '65 devs @ home and abroad reawakened interest in reform and what specifically?
franchise reform
15 of 141
growth mass-circ news papers allowed ppl to follow which major events?
italy unification struggle (1859-60) polish revolt ('63)
16 of 141
what even from 1861-1865 had specifically major impact on popular opinion>
american civil war
17 of 141
war and southern naval blockades meant what for lancashire?
textile factories weren't receiving cotton
18 of 141
cotton famine was accompained by what in northern towns?
unemployment and distress
19 of 141
but mill workers still did what?
supported north
20 of 141
their attitude persuaded many (inc. leading liberals) that what wouldn't be threat?
extended franchise to 'respectable working classes'
21 of 141
when was the Reform Union fd?
22 of 141
gaining support among who
prosperous MC
23 of 141
who saw reform as a means of?
furthering own commercial interests / challenging inefficiency and waste of national gov
24 of 141
what did newspaper reports on the crimean war show?
incompetence of the naval / military leadership
25 of 141
NRU believed the francise reform would lead to what?
more efficient and effective gov
26 of 141
when was the northcote-trevelyan report?
27 of 141
which condemned?
inefficiency of the civil service
28 of 141
and recommended entry to service should be based on what?
merit > class
29 of 141
what two things did the Reform Union promote?
moderate franchise extension / secret ballot intro
30 of 141
what was the other reform group called?
Reform League
31 of 141
fd when?
32 of 141
differed from Reform Union bc of committment to?
universal manhood suffrage > household reform
33 of 141
strong following among who?
trade unionists / SWC
34 of 141
who hoped reform would?
improve trade union rights + more extensive labour laws
35 of 141
by end '65 these were both large movement that could do what?
call on national support to put pressure on MPs
36 of 141
37 of 141
when did russell become PM?
oct '65
38 of 141
with who as chancellor of the exchequer?
39 of 141
when did gladstone present a reform bill to the commons?
march '66
40 of 141
which would reduce the borough francishe from £10 to a modest?
41 of 141
and extend county franchise to who?
tenants paying annual rent £14+
42 of 141
proposals would add around how many borough voters?
43 of 141
and county?
44 of 141
who opposed?
cons + disraeli / some whigs
45 of 141
what were the rob lowe led whig opposition called?
46 of 141
which caused the bill to fail and what happened in june
gov resigned
47 of 141
who took office?
minority conservative gov
48 of 141
with who as PM?
lord derby
49 of 141
and chancellor of the exchequer?
50 of 141
conservatives had been in the political wilderness ever since what event?
corn law split
51 of 141
52 of 141
derby and disraeli were keen to now do what for the party?
restore the image and act as a major political force
53 of 141
disraeli was prepared to do what with his reform bill?
outflank liberals
54 of 141
reform leagues organised meetings where to support gladstone's bill?
trafalgar square
55 of 141
following the defeat what did they do?
organise number of mass protests / disturbances
56 of 141
meeting of how many people in hyde park became a riot in july?
57 of 141
as railings were torn down and police had to call for help from?
Life Guards
58 of 141
league continued to pressure parliament through winter of?
59 of 141
what declined dramatically in '66?
economic situation
60 of 141
what collapsed in may?
financial house of overend and guerney
61 of 141
heavy rains did what?
wiped out crops
62 of 141
and why did meat prices shoot up?
virulent rinderpest disease
63 of 141
64 of 141
since '60 there'd been a dramatic rise in circulation of?
popular press
65 of 141
a reflection of?
growing interest in politics / reform
66 of 141
what did the Reform League + Union do?
organise mass demonstration
67 of 141
including which one in june?
the hyde park one
68 of 141
to do what?
put pressure on MPs to reform
69 of 141
economic distress widespread especially where?
cotton towns northern england
70 of 141
as result of?
cotton famine
71 of 141
who were ready to take up reform?
72 of 141
73 of 141
more conservative liberals called what offered strong resistance?
74 of 141
who was conservative resistance led by?
cranborne + lord salisbury
75 of 141
who feared a dilution of power and influence?
landed classes
76 of 141
77 of 141
when did disraeli introduce his reform proposals?
feb '67
78 of 141
reform led to tory splits as which 3 ppl immediately resigned?
cranborne / carnavon / peel
79 of 141
what did disraeli do with his original proposals?
80 of 141
and introduced far-reaching and radical measure when
81 of 141
how much resemblace did this bear to his earlier reform?
v little
82 of 141
began as a proposal to enlarge borough electorate by how many?
83 of 141
changed dramatically and ended up doing what to national electorate?
84 of 141
bill proposed giving the county franchise to those renting land worth how much?
85 of 141
and what was the rent level in '32?
86 of 141
disraeli also proposed to extend borough suffrage to who?
all householders of 2yrs that paid rates direct to local auth
87 of 141
why was this not as radical as seemed?
hedged around with qualifications
88 of 141
who in towns wouldn't qualify?
89 of 141
nor would compounder tenants which were?
those that paid combination of rent and rates to landlord
90 of 141
to offset this new borough electorate a number of what were proposed?
'fancy franchises'
91 of 141
granting the vote to which 3 groups?
uni grads / mmbs of 'learned professions' / those w/ £50 in the bank
92 of 141
how did the NRU/RL leaders feel about the proposals?
too modest
93 of 141
and decided to put further pressure on parlaiment how?
more demonstrations
94 of 141
when was a meeting in hyde park arranged for despite ogv attempts to ban?
6 may
95 of 141
crowd of how many turned up to listen to speeches?
96 of 141
w/ how many special constables / popo / armed forces in reserve in case riots?
97 of 141
not clear whether this meeting did what?
actually inf gov
98 of 141
what was disraeli's pre-planned srtategy for the bill?
accept amdmts unless from liberal front bench
99 of 141
bc wanted to ensure what about final act?
couldn't be claimed by liberals as reflecting own proposals
100 of 141
he rejcted what measure proposed by john stuart mill?
women votes
101 of 141
but accepted some radical amdmts that did what?
changed bill beyond recognition
102 of 141
what happened to borough residency qualification of 2yrs?
103 of 141
and vote extended to lodgers of how long?
104 of 141
but what did hodgkinson amdmt abolish?
distinction between compounders / those paying rates direct
105 of 141
wld enfranchise how many men alone?
106 of 141
disraeli accepted this amdmt that made what basis of borough franchise?
household suffrage
107 of 141
what did disraeli quietly drop?
fancy franchises
108 of 141
nd bill passed into law in?
aug '67
109 of 141
110 of 141
gladstone's franchise proposals of '66 would have extended franchise to how many men?
111 of 141
disraeli's act virtually doubled electorate to how many?
2M voters
112 of 141
in counties what was retained?
40shilling franchise
113 of 141
so electorate was increased by giving vot to owners / leaseholders of land worth?
114 of 141
and landowners whose property had rateable value of?
115 of 141
reform expanded county electorat from 540k to?
116 of 141
borough franchise given to all those who had lived in property for how long?
117 of 141
and all lodgers of 1yr that occupied lodgings of how much rent?
118 of 141
what was the borough electorate of '66?
119 of 141
and reform act created urban electorate of?
120 of 141
in many constituencies like sheffield and several london boroughs, majority of electorate was now?
working class
121 of 141
but what still hadn't been conceded?
universal male suffrage
122 of 141
what fraction of males ocould vote before '67?
123 of 141
and now?
124 of 141
for the first time majority of electors were?
125 of 141
buttt franchise remained based on whawt?
property and stae in country
126 of 141
who in the house were given vote?
householders only
127 of 141
and one-year residency qualification effectively disqualified large number that did what?
moved house even in same town to look for employment
128 of 141
neither of the liberal nor conservativ bills of '66-'67 were prepared to concede vote to what they called?
129 of 141
who were the residuum?
poorest working classes / unskilled and uneducated labourers who lived in slums
130 of 141
who regarded them with undisguised contempt?
skilled working classes / 'aristocracy of labour'
131 of 141
and they were ignored by?
political parties
132 of 141
in '32 the electorate increased by what %?
133 of 141
134 of 141
but now that was being doubled to?
135 of 141
this reform act marked the beginning of a clear shift of influence?
away from agricultural south and towards industrial norht
136 of 141
wc voters expected reforms that did waht?
tackled their grievances
137 of 141
similar to the burst of reform when
138 of 141
through '70s both liberals and conservatives responded to new political env with wide reforms tackling issues like?
education / urban housing / public health / TU rights
139 of 141
what were established to take party's messages to new voters?
national party organisations
140 of 141
becayse parties recognised they had to?
win the support of the electorate
141 of 141

Other cards in this set

Card 2


in '34 what did peel declare about '32?


'a final and irrevocable settlement of a great constitutional question'

Card 3


and even russell spoke out against reform in what year?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


earning himself the nickname?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


chartists revived in 1830s/40s but after it was revealed?


Preview of the front of card 5
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