The Cognitive Approach to Psychopathology

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OUTLINE OF APPROACH

  • Abnormality is caused by Faulty Thinking
  • Thinking, expectations and attitudes direct behaviour. 
  • Mental illness is the result of innapropriate thinking. 
  • The focus is on the way a person thinks about the problem rather than the problem itself. 
  • Faulty and irrational thinking prevents the individial behaving adaptively.... Ellis A-B-C model:
  • A is ACTIVATING EVENT 
  • B is the BELIEF which is rational or irrational 
  • C is the CONSEQUENCE - rational beliefs lead to healthy emotions... irrational leads to unhealthy emotions.
  • The Individual is in Control
  • The individual is the cause of their own behaviour, as they are the one controlling their own thoughts.

METHODS OF INVESTIGATING THE COGNITIVE

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