The biological and cognitive approachs to psychopathology

Includes ideas on infection, genetic factors, bio-chemistry and brain damage + evaluation.

Also includes the cognitive approach to psychopatholgy + evaluation.

Hope you find it helpful, tried to keep it simple but effective.

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 03-05-12 17:35
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Psychopathology is thought
to result from four main causes:
· Infection
· Genetic factors
· Biochemistry
· Brain damage…read more

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· Some bacterial or viral infections can lead to
psychological syndromes.
· Brown et al (2004) suggested that around 14% of
schizophrenia cases can be linked to the foetus'
exposure to influenza in the first trimester of pregnancy.…read more

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Genetic factors
· Zimbardo et al (1995) found that monozygotic
(identical) twins had a 48% concordance rate for
schizophrenia compared to 17% of non-identical
twins. As the twins shared environments it
means that genetics could be the only
· Meaning genetic factors can be
effective.…read more

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· Some forms of psychopathy involve imbalance of bio-
chemicals (hormones released from the endocrine
· E.g. Lower levels of serotonin have been linked with
· PET scans can track neuro-chemical pathways in the
brain, therefore supporting the idea of biochemistry as
an approach to psychopathology.…read more

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Brain damage
· Biological psychologists see the brain as central
to behaviour, meaning problems with
development or damage can lead to
malfunctions, meaning psychopathology may
· Alzheimer's is a degenerative brain disease that
can lead to dementia.…read more

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