Behavioural approach to explaining phobias

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  • Created by: Magdalene
  • Created on: 26-04-16 14:54

The two process model:

Hobart Mower created a two-process model (1960) which explains that phobias are learned in the first place byb classical conditioning and maintained by operant conditioning

Learning by classical conditioning:

Involves associating something which we dont have any fear of with something that already triggers a fear response

  • e.g. Watson and Rayner (1920): associated a loud noise (UCS) with a rabbit (NS) to make the little Albert be fearful (CR) of the rabbit (now the CS)

Maintained by operant conditioning:

Operant conditioning happens when the…


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