The behavioural approach to explaining phobias

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  • The Behavioural Approach to Explaining Phobias
    • Mowrers two process model
      • Classical/ operant conditioning
      • Classical: Acquisition- where phobia comes from
      • Operant: Maintenance- what keeps the phobias going
    • Classical conditioning
      • Stimulus response associations explain development of phobias
      • We associate something negative with an object/event
      • Causes conditioned response of fear
      • E.g Little Albert
    • Maintenance by operant conditioning
      • Helps to reinforce/ maintain phobia
      • Avoiding unpleasant situations is negative reinforcement


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