Surgery 1845-1918, Key dates and facts for the edexcel source work exam

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 03-06-12 19:13

Surgery- Pain, Blood loss, Infection


Circa 1799

Natural  drugs such as alcohol, opium and mandrake were used but natural anaesthetics that did not make the patient very ill were hard to produce


Humphry Davy identified nitrous oxide as a possible anaesthetic but he was largely ignored


Crawford Long discovered Ether and though he did not publish his work it was demonstrated in 1846. However Ether was an irritant, fairly explosive and could make you sick


James Simpson experimented on himself and discovered chloroform could be used

1848                 First death caused by Chloroform, Hannah Greener

1853                 Queen Victoria used chloroform for the birth of her 8th child

Modern day    Complicated mixtures of anaesthetics used                       

Anaesthetics were objected to

·         On religious grounds

·         Some people were suspicious of doctors using anaesthetics

·         Some were afraid of side effects and overdose

Early anaesthetics lead to a rise in death rates because

·         Surgeons performed more complicated procedures and cut deeper

·         Surgeons took longer

·         The problems of infection and blood loss had not yet been solved

·         1846-70 the ‘black period’ of…



Very useful , THANKS X


this was EXTREMLY USEFULL for me, it somed up the whole topic really, feeling confident about my exam now, thank you very much !!


A full list of key dates and items needed for the exam

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