Society and Health- Key issues for society part 2

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LEISURE

leisure patterns have massively changed throughout the years, this is due to the following factors:

  • Employment- unemployed people generally spend more time watching television than any other leisure activity, where as employed people may get out a lot more.
  • Age- if your a lot younger then you will join clubs like scouts, where as if you older then you do more 'adult' things like going to the pub.
  • Gender- women have less leisure time due to having to work, and then go home to domestic work and childcare.
  • Marriage/Cohabitation- couples will make leisure activities probably with other couples.
  • Dependent children- if you have younger children then it will be a lot harder for parents to have leisure time.
  • Education- research has shown that less educated people watch a lot more TV than highly educated people.
  • Income- if your on quite a low income then you wont have a lot of money to spend on leisure activities as it will all go bills.
  • Time available- if you work a lot or look after children, then your own personal leisure time may be more limited.
  • Location- if you live in a rural location then you wont have many community leisure facilities.
  • Holidays- holidays have massively increased, especially holidays abroad.

HOUSING AND HOMELESSNESS

Local authorities have an obligation to home certain types of homeless people first, that includes:

  • pregnant women
  • people with dependent children
  • the vulnerable; old age, mental disorders or physical disability
  • those with vulnerable people in their family
  • those who lost their home due to an emergency e.g. earthquake

Causes of homelessness:

  • Eviction
  • Loss of employment
  • Health problems
  • Unable to be accommodated by parents, relatives or friends
  • Breakdown of a relationship
  • Mortgage or rent arrears
  • Moving out of a home
  • Emergencies like earthquakes
  • Limited housing supplies
  • 

Effects of homelessness:

  • Low self-esteem
  • Limited access to health and hygiene
  • Boredom
  • Difficulties with relationships
  • Increased dangers
  • Lack of privacy

HOUSING

  •  There are two main types of housing available in the UK, they are: house/bungalow and flat/maisonette
  • The size of the home all depends on the size of the household, and financial income.
  • 80% of the UK live in a house or bungalow.
  • There are two main housing options available: buying a home or renting a home.

Renting from a Registered Social Landlord (RSL)

  • Independent and non-profit making
  • Important providers of social housing, which can also be described as affordable homes provided by councils or RSL's.
  • Receive money off the government to build houses, only income is through the rent
  • In 2005, 2.2 million homes were rented from RSL's.
  • Rents are fixed by the goverment.
  • Most local authorities provide a waiting list for RSL homes, as they work in cooperation.
  • RSL's also help a lot in the community, by providing community schemes to stop social exclusion.
  • You have to apply to rent a home from RSL's or councils.
  • Preferenceis given to those who need it most
  • Homes can sometimes be allocated through a point scoring system.
  • 

Renting from a Private Landlord

  • A

Comments

Annie

Very helpful sums up the text book, :) used this to make most of my notes from.

Ella

Helpful thankyou !

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