Society and Health- Family and Society

Key functions of the family:

  • socialise children
  • reproduction of the children
  • housing
  • access to services
  • financial resources
  • care,security and protection
  • emotional needs for love
  • values,beliefs and attitudes
  • cultural identity;

Types of family and Household:

  • nuclear family
  • extended family
  • reconstituted family
  • lone parent family
  • gay/lesbian family
  • single person household
  • multi-person household;

Changes in household and family composition:

  • changing nature of the extended family- due to greater mobility, do not rely on extended family as much, prefer being self reliant;
  • changing roles within the family- more working women and more stay at home dads;
  • smaller family size- more women pursue careers, and due to better health care, more babies survive, so people do not have more;
  • increases in childless women- rather have careers now that they have the option to do that;
  • increase in older mothers- more women wait until they have done what they want to do;
  • changing divorce rate- mothers people get divorced quickly and easily, due to it not being looked down on anymore as much as it was;
  • more step families- once people get divorced, they now join up with new partners, as remarriages have massively increased.;
  • more cohabitation- more people don't bother getting married as its easier to just stay living with a person;
  • increased births outside marriage- more people just have children now without waiting to be married;
  • increase in lone parents- this is could be due to being widowed, divorced, separated, or just births to single women; more popular today due to being helped off the welfare state;
  • more non-dependent children still living at home- as the cost of living has increased, children think its easier to live at home until a lot later to save up money;
  • civil partnerships-  now more acceptable in society to be openly gay, so people now have civil partnerships to make it more official;
  • more one-person households- more pensioners, divorcees and separations.

Basic human needs:

Maslow's hierarchy of needs; shaped in a triangle with five parts,

  • the base of the triangle is physiological needs which includes warmth and shelter.
  • then above that is safety needs, this includes the need for security and laws, it can also mean simply installing a burglar alarm.




thank you! :)



This is really helpful and makes my life so much easier. Thank you! :D

Olivia Phillips


thank you soooo much! really helpful and time saving! :)