Home Economics: Health

  • Created by: sampayne
  • Created on: 17-03-14 11:56
Health is therefore seen as a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. It is a positive concept emphasising social and personal resources as well as physical capabilities.
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World Health Organisation. The definition of health is an ideal but not a practical goal. People who are mentally ill or have disabilities may be offended.
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Body Mass Index. A BMI of 25-29.9 is considered overweight and 30 or above is Obese
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Cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended.
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Dental Decay
Tooth decay, which is also called dental cavities or dental caries, is the destruction of the outer surface (enamel) of a tooth.
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Decay results from...
action of bacteria that live in plaque. The plaque bacteria sticking to tooth enamel use the sugar and starch from food particles in the mouth to produce acid.
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Coeliac disease is a common digestive condition where a person has an adverse reaction to gluten.
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It’s a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, typically as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D.
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Diabetes 1
or insulin-dependent diabetes, is usually first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults. With this form of diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas no longer make insulin because the body's immune system has attacked and destroyed them.
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Diabetes 2
usually begins with insulin resistance, in which the body does not use insulin properly.To start the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin. In time, tho it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals.
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How many children in the UK start smoking?
Its estimated that each year 207,000 children in the UK start smoking
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How many Smokers started before the age of 20
80%- but 40% started before the age of 16.
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What is Passive Smoking?
Passive Smoking is second hand smoke. It is a serious health risk and a common causer of cot deaths when mothers smoke.
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Adult Smokers are declining True or False
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What are Some Health Risks of Smoking
Lung Cancer and Other Cancers, 25% increased risk of developing heart disease, Bronchitis and Asthma
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Positive Energy Balance
More energy intake than exercise output
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Negative Energy Balance
Less Energy Intake than exercise output
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What is Your age for Peak bone Mass
21 Years Old
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Benefits Of Physical Activity
Releases Endorphins, Improves the risk of getting Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis, Prevents high blood pressure, Diabetes (type 2) and stress related issues
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Why do People Not Exercise?
Opportunity, Provision, Esteem
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What are the Department of Healths guidlines of Alcohol Consumprion (units) ?
Women: 2-3 units Men: 3-4 units
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What are Pregnant women suggested to do about consuming alcohol?
Dont drink at all (chance of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome)
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What is Foetal Alcohol Syndrome?
If the mother drinks regularly during pregnancy the child can be born with or develop mental problems, learning problems and behavioural issues.
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Consequences Of Drinking Alcohol in Mass?
Domestic Violence, Drink Driving, Damages Liver, NHS costs, Police Costs, Depression.
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How many deaths are caused every year by Smoking?
1/2 of all regular smokers will die due to smoking related illness. 100,000 people a year.
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What does a diet high in salt Cause?
increased chances of Strokes
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National Childrens Dental Health Survey (carried out every 10 years) . What does it do ?
Researches children aged 5,8, 12 and 15. It has an 82% responce rate . The 12 year olds in England have the best Dental Health in europe. However 5 year olds were not meeting targets set by The National Oral Health strategy in 1994.
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Decayed, Filling or Missing Teeth
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Causes of Tooth Decay
Food remains contain bacteria. Plaque in gum line and crevices. Tartar and plaque are acidic dissolving protective enamel coating of teeth. Acid is produced and enamel is attacked (dental plaque hardens into tar.
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Clear, Sticky Substance made in the mouth. Clings to teeth and gums.
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How many times should you brush your teeth?
Twice a day
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Card 2




World Health Organisation. The definition of health is an ideal but not a practical goal. People who are mentally ill or have disabilities may be offended.

Card 3




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Card 4




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Card 5


Dental Decay


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