Theory: Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Hans Selye was a medical doctor. He noticed that patients shared a common set of symptoms regardless of their particular injury or illness.
This led Selye to propose the concept of general adaptation syndrome (GAS).
- Selye suggested that the body produces a general response to threat (stressor).
- This response is adaptive because it enables the body to cope with extreme stress.
- Finally he used the word 'syndrome' because a syndrome is the term for a condition that consists of several different identifiable symptoms.
Thus GAS = general+adaptation+syndrome
The Three Stages
Stage 1: Alarm Stage
Perception of the stressor leads to a response, i.e. alarm reaction.
In physiological terms, the hypothalamus sends a signal to the…