- World War I | July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918: Although it was deemed a ‘world war’, it was primarily centered in Europe. Belligerents included France, the then-British Empire, Russia, Italy, Romania, then-Empire of Japan, Serbia, Greece and Portugal (among others) on the Allied side, with the then-German empire, Austria-Hungary, the then-Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria known as the Central Powers as their ‘opponents’.
- Battle of Tannenberg | August 23, 1914 - August 30, 1914: One of the first battles in the early days of World War I, this was fought between the First and Second Russian armies and the Eighth German Army near Allenstein, East Prussia (now Olsztyn, Poland). The battle resulted in a German victory, almost wiping out the entire Russian Second Army, with twelve thousand casualties compared to Russia’s 170 000.
- Tsar Nicholas II abdicates | March 1917: After the tumultuous February Revolution and the massive uprising of Russia’s masses demanding for the abolition of the monarchy, Tsar Nicholas II abdicated from the throne ending a thousand years of the Romanov dynasty’s rule over the nation, and monarchy in Russia itself.
- The October (November) Bolshevik Revolution | November 7, 1917 - November 8, 1917: Also known as Red October or the October Revolution, this revolution sparked by the communist Bolsheviks swept the then-capital of Russia, Petrograd (St. Petersburg) resulted in the formation of Soviet Russia, the end of the Provisional Government, and the start of the Russian Civil War.
- War Communism…