Population Change case studies

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Demographic Transition Model

Case study: Investigating countries

Stage 1: Traditional rainforest tribes 

In parts of Indonesia, Brazil and Ecuador, small numbers of people live separately with little contact with the outside world. They retain high death and birth rates, amking them the people closest to a stage 1 situation

Stage 2: Afghanistan

An extremly poor country. Has a high birth rate at 46.2 and a death rate of 20.0. NI is 2.62% per year. Some 79% of people are farmers, so need children to help with crops and livestock. In the capital they have higher Ni becasue of medical facilities and there is a lot of young people at a child bearing age.

Stage 3: Brazil

Popluation double in 35 years and is a NIC. As a Roman Catholic country, it has a high birth rate, but rapidlly improving standards of living means that people can see the benefits of having fewer children.

Stage 4: USA

The worlds third largest popluation with over 301 million. Its growth is quite high for a stage 4 country mostly due to immagrants. USA are now encouraging a more highly trained Asian workforce who are likely to have lower birth rates.

Stage 5: Germany

Women are achieving high-powered positions at work, plus an ageing poplulation,


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